Have you ever realized that your favorite cute, red, dotted bug is a stinky little bugger? Why do ladybugs stink, and what can you do about it? Let’s find out.
Ladybugs are among the most loved and admired creatures worldwide, primarily because of their colorful bodies and harmless nature.
However, not many people know that they are also a type of stink bug because they release an unpleasant odor when threatened by a potential predator.
Intrigued? Read the article to know more.
Why is Ladybug Stink a Problem?
Many people love holding ladybugs and making a wish – they are considered the ultimate symbol of good luck in many cultures.
If you have ever handled a lady beetle, you might have experienced its stench. After all, you are a huge hairy animal holding the poor thing in your hand.
You have the power to crush it! It’s no wonder that ladybugs consider us as threats. So yes, it immediately brings out its smelly fluid called pyrazine.
It does so by rubbing its joints or feet when you try to handle it.
The special glands on their feet release this fluid to keep predators from eating them. To a casual observer, it seems as thugh the ladybugs are peeing.
The stinky smell tells predators that eating the bug may not be safe and drives them away. Pyrazine not only smells but also tastes terrible, and thus, is a problem for the predators either way.
The odor of these stink bugs is so persistent that wineries must take great care when processing and harvesting grapes.
If Asian lady beetles or even native species of ladybugs get crushed with the wine during the process, the end product smells so bad that the whole batch has to be thrown away.
This effect is known as the ladybug taint, and wine producers take all the measures necessary to avoid attracting ladybugs into the vineyards.
What Does Ladybug Odor Smell Like?
Ladybug odor smells close to a mixture of potato, green bell pepper, and nut and has a moldy odor.
The mixture at the concentrations in ladybug emissions is referred to as ‘really stinky’ by Lingshuang Cai, and Matthew E. O’Neal, Iowa State University researchers, in a project done in 2006. The next section talks about their research
Testing The Ladybug Stink
A team of researchers from Iowa State University concluded a study on the chemicals that contribute to ladybug stink.
The researchers specifically studied the characteristics of multicolored Asian ladybird beetles that invaded the US in the early last decade.
The bugs were put in a glass vial for a day to collect the released chemicals from their bodies.
The team then used chromatography and mass spectrometry to separate and identify the chemicals.
The study was completed when a panel sniffed the chemicals and concluded the main chemicals responsible for releasing the noxious odor:
- 3-methoxypyrazine (DMMP),
- 2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine (IPMP),
These chemicals caused the unpleasant odor coming from the bug. The chemicals, when mixed together, create quite a stinky smell.
How Do Ladybugs Use This Stink?
We discussed the defensive aspect of the stinking odor, but there is one more use that ladybugs have for the stench.
Ladybugs use it to mark their territory and let the predators and fellow ladybugs know that the plant ‘belongs’ to its larvae.
Their feet give off the stink of pyrazine when it is walking after laying eggs on a plant.
The foul-smelling liquid tells other ladybugs that the plant is already taken and they must find some other place to lay their eggs.
The odor also keeps native ladybugs away since many of them are cannibals and, thus, won’t shy away from attacking larvae.
Asian Ladybugs and Their Yellow Secretion?
Asian beetles and ladybugs are not the same even though they belong to the same insect family.
Ladybugs are beneficial insects that usually mind their own business, especially in winter, when they consider spending their time outside eating pests.
They are entirely harmless and do not bite human skin.
Asian lady beetles, on the other hand, are an invasive species that seek shelter inside the warmth of houses during cold weather.
They can gather in large numbers inside your home and leave yellow stains or secretions on your precious household items, such as furniture, windows, and curtains.
The Asian lady beetle is also capable of biting human skin and causing reactions in people allergic to bugs and insects.
They are basically pests that are a nuisance to your house.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why do ladybugs smell when you squish them?
When you squish ladybugs, they release a chemical called pyrazine which has a stinky odor.
It works like a defense mechanism for the bug, which signals the predators to think twice before eating the insect.
Crushing them causes the chemical to come out immediately because they are frightened of you.
How do you get rid of the ladybug smell?
The best way to eliminate the ladybug smell is to clean your hand or the area with soapy water and spray a good freshener.
You can also install window screens to keep the bugs away from your house in the first place. Also, please make sure you close all wall voids and cracks in windows and door frames.
Ladybugs can enter homes through a gap of less than 1/8th of an inch. Hence you need to be very careful of these cracks.
What are the stinky ladybugs called?
Convergent ladybugs (Hippodamia convergens) from North America are stinky ladybugs that release a foul-smelling chemical to protect themselves from a potential threat or danger.
Asian ladybeetle, a species not native to America releases a yellow and stinky chemical when frightened as well.
How long do ladybugs live?
On average, ladybugs live for about a year. However, they lay thousands of eggs before their life cycle ends.
The eggs hatch and multiply quickly, so keeping up with their life cycle is challenging, especially if they settle in for the season.
Ladybugs stink for two reasons – it is a defense mechanism to ward off predators and a way to mark their territory and avoid other ladybugs from coming near their eggs.
The best thing to do in order to avoid the stench is just to let the ladybugs be – they only release these chemicals when they are frightened.
Thank you for reading!
Letter 1 – Mating Convergent Lady Beetles
Ed. Note: The original letter sent by Naaman was for the identification of the African Painted Bugs, and this pair of mating Convergent Lady Beetles was also in the photo. February 13, 2010 Thanks! here are two more pictures of the ladybugs. maybe these help to identify them better? Naaman Los Angeles, CA Thanks Naaman, Your mating Lady Beetles are the native Convergent Lady Beetle, Hippodamia convergens. You may compare your photos to images posted on BugGuide.
Letter 2 – Convergent Lady Beetle
August 26, 2011 Location: Elyria Canyon Park, Mt. Washington, Los Angeles, California Several of the Indian Milkweed Plants growing wild in Elyria Canyon Park have serious Milkweed Aphid infestations, and one especially hard hit group of plants is also covered in black Sooty Mold. See the University of California Agriculture and Natural Resourceswebsite for more information on Sooty Mold. Convergent Lady Beetles, Hippodamia convergens, have begun to feed off of the Milkweed Aphids, though it seems there are far too many Aphids for the few Lady Beetles that were observed. Learn how to identify the Convergent Lady Beetle on BugGuide and read more about the benefits of the native Convergent Lady Beetle on the San Francisco State University Department of Geographywebsite.
Letter 3 – Mating Convergent Lady Beetles
Subject: Mating Lady Beetles Geographic location of the bug: Mount Washington, Los Angeles, California Date: 3/29/2018 Late in the afternoon, after work, Daniel decided to do some weeding in the garden. The annual wildflowers, including fiesta flowers, lupines and California poppies are blooming and other wildflower seeds are sprouted. Around dusk (slow shutter speed resulted in blurry image), Daniel noticed what he believes are Convergent Lady Beetles mating. It is very exciting to see a native Lady Beetle in the garden as opposed to the invasive Multicolored Asian Lady Beetles that are displacing native species in many places in North America. The Natural History of Orange County has some excellent images of Convergent Lady Beetles, and BugGuide states they feed on: “Aphids, also whiteflies and other soft bodied insects.” We got trolled on Facebook by Toni Merida: How can anyone who knows that much about gardening not know what a ladybug is? The answer to Toni’s question is that while our editorial staff knew that these were Lady Beetles, we were uncertain of the species and we wanted to substantiate the species since we tend to see invasive Multicolored Asian Lady Beetles in our garden, and that larger, more aggressive species is contributing to the decline of many native species of Lady Beetles.
Over the years, our website, whatsthatbug.com has received hundreds of letters and some interesting images asking us about these insects. Scroll down to have a look at some of them.
Letter 1 – Convergent Ladybird Beetle Aggregation
Lady bug love
Thought you might like this photo…I assume the Lady bugs (and Guy bugs, too, presumably) aren’t just hanging together for the body warmth. Photo taken near Santa Maria, CA (as is the prior photo I sent a week ago of what I think might be a male black widow?). This area is primarily a large coastal-oak forest where I am. Thanks for the awesome site.
Vandenberg AFB, CA
Thanks for the wonderful Convergent Ladybird Beetle Aggregation image. According to Hogue, the Convergent Ladybird Beetle, Hippodamia convergens, “is the species most often seen in the garden. It is 3/16 to 1/4 inch long and is either solid red or red with several small black spots …. The Convergent Lady is the most important ladybird used in the biological control of aphids. During the late summer and fall, the adult congregate in great masses in mountain canyons and other cool protected places. Here they hibernate for up to nine months, frequently buried beneath the snow, until the first warm spring days, when they move back to the valleys. While still massed, they are collected by entrepeneurs, who sell them in nurseries for release in home gardens. Specimens sometimes accumulate on beach driftage after having been carried out to sea by Santa Ana winds and drowned while making their translocation flights.”