With their large, imposing stinger-like appendage, ichneumons are a common sight in the US. But where do ichneumon wasps live? Where do they go to, and do they make some kind of nest for themselves?
One of the largest parasitic wasps in the world, the ichneumon wasp, is quite harmless to humans. They are non-stinging wasps that only feed on flowers’ nectar. However, they do need to stay around forest areas to find a host for their eggs.
Ichneumon wasps usually live in woodlands and damp and heavily forested areas, but they can survive in almost any type of environment.
Let’s talk more about these wasps in this article.
How Many Species of Ichneumon Wasp Are There?
The Ichneumon family is estimated to have around 60,000 to 100,000 known species on the planet right now. This makes them one of the largest family groups in the insect kingdom.
Different Ichneumon species are spread all over the world and are often difficult to distinguish from one another.
While they look like bees and wasps, but you can easily identify them due to their long antennae, which comprise more than half of their entire body.
They can vary in size between 2 inches to an impressive 5 inches. You can also spot them in various colors, with black, brown, and shades of yellow being the most prominent ones.
Where Will You Find Them?
As mentioned before, you can find a variety of Ichneumon wasps all over the globe and on every continent except Antarctica.
Even though they are spread across different parts of the world, these wasps are heavily concentrated in the United States.
According to the Missouri Department of Conservation records, more than 5,000 species of Ichneumons can be found in North America. About 2,000 species of these wasps live in Australia, and around 2,500 are found in the UK.
Most known species of Ichneumon wasps can easily thrive in different habitats, ranging from woodlands to wetlands to cities and the countryside.
What Kind of Environment Suits Them the Most?
Ichneumons can survive in all environments, including urban, country, wetlands, woods, etc. However, damp woodlands are the most suitable and preferred environments for them to thrive and grow. Thus, many places in the US make a perfect home for these wasps.
Even though Ichneumon wasps are abundant in the US, humans are unlikely to spot them, let alone interact with them. You might sometimes spot one under your porch light after dark or in your garden hovering over flowers.
Where Do They Lay Eggs?
The female wasp of most Ichneumon species needs a host insect to lay eggs. Typical hosts are caterpillars and grubs. However, different varieties of Ichneumon seek specific insects to act as the host.
Females of the giant ichneumon wasp fly around the woods to find horntail larvae or wasps living in the trunk of a living or dead tree.
She finds these larvae by pressing her long antennae against a tree trunk. When she finds some, she bores into the trunk and lays her own eggs on these larvae.
Once the eggs are hatched, the Ichneumon larva eats the host’s body from the inside out, killing it in the process. The ichneumon larva then has to pupate and finally bore its way out of the tree trunk.
Some females also lay eggs in insects, such as chalcid wasps, boll weevils, and tomato hornworms, which otherwise cause a lot of damage to the crops. In this way, ichneumons are also beneficial insects that help in pest control.
Can Ichneumon Wasps Lay Eggs on Human Skin?
Just like the cuckoo wasp, Ichneumon wasps cannot inject their eggs into human skin. However, it is best that humans remain some distance from them because their ovipositors can still hurt. Ichneumons cannot deposit their eggs in animals like cats and dogs either.
While their ovipositors may hurt, it cannot affect the skin of a large animal or human. Moreover, it does not cause any health concerns either because our immune systems are strong enough to counter the small injection that the wasp would make.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are Ichneumon wasps rare?
Ichneumon wasps are spread across the word in more than 60,000 species. Thus, they are far from being rare. They are usually found in woodlands and damp areas but can survive even in urban and dry environments.
Can Ichneumon wasps sting you?
Even though their long ovipositors seem quite threatening, Ichneumon wasps don’t sting. However, some wasps can still use their ovipositors to try and bore you if aggravated, so it is advisable to maintain your distance from them.
Do Ichneumon wasps have nests?
Ichneumon wasps do not have or construct nests. They live their lives in damp woodlands where they fly around from tree to tree, sitting on branches.
How long do Ichneumon wasps live?
On average, a giant Ichneumon wasp can live for up to 27 days, but it also depends on the host’s body, which may or may not last for long.
Ichneumons are not dangerous. They live in damp woodlands, but they can be found almost anywhere.
There is no reason for a human to be afraid of them. They do not sting, and neither can they deposit their eggs in your body.
However, make sure that you keep your distance from these creatures. They are also wonderful as a natural predator for insects, so having an ichneumon around is not bad news at all.
Please find below emails from readers over the years on this topic.
Letter 1 – Ichneumon, not Crane Fly
Subject: Crane fly? Wasp?
Geographic location of the bug: Pittsburgh, PA
Time: 11:54 PM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: Thought it was a crane fly, but most images I could find did not show crane fly with curled antennae.
How you want your letter signed: Stacy
This is an Ichneumon, a parasitoid wasp, not a Crane Fly. We suspect that many reported Crane Fly stings are actually from Ichneumons.
Letter 2 – Ichneumon or Braconid???
Subject: Stumpstabber – Megarhyssa sp.
Geographic location of the bug: Sierra Nevada range route 88
Time: 01:40 AM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: My friend took this pic and because she knows my love of all things “bug” asked if I could find out anything about it. Been doing some poking around and the closest I could find was family Ichneunonidae Megarhyssa nortoni. It’s quite striking in coloration. Just wanted to share because I haven’t found a photo anywhere that matches
How you want your letter signed: Terriann
This is definitely a member of the superfamily Ichneumonoidea that includes the family Braconidae as well as the Ichneumon, and we believe this might be a Braconid, possibly in the genus Atanycolus that is represented on BugGuide. A definitive identification might not be possible as this is a huge superfamily with many unidentified members. According to BugGuide: “Next to impossible to identify this genus from images alone, however it is one of the more common genera in the subfamily. Identification of images on this guide page are NOT absolute! “
Letter 3 – Crown of Thorns Wasp
Location: near Casper, WY
August 2, 2010 3:22 pm
Hi Lisa Anne and Daniel,
When I photographed this creature on goldenrod 8/1/10, I thought I was looking at a Pelecinid. Now I don’t think so, I have no idea what it is. Can you identify it?
Am looking forward to your book.
This is a new one for us. You are correct that it is NOT a Pelecinid. Our initial impulse was perhaps an Ichneumon, but the antennae and other morphological features are just plain wrong, but we were certain, based on that ovipositor, that it must be a parasitic Hymenopteran. We quickly located the Crown of Thorns Wasp, Megischus bicolor, within the family Stephanidae on BugGuide which indicates they are “Parasitoids of beetles and/or wasps.“
Letter 4 – Ichneumon Ovipositing
on dead pin oak in SE Pennsylvania
Thanks for sending your photo of a female Megarhyssa macrurus ovipositing.
Letter 5 – Ichneumon Cocoon found on Woody Plant in Mount Washington
Subject: What kind of cocoon did I find on my Cannabis plant?
Geographic location of the bug: Mount Washington, Los Angeles, California
Time: 5:55 PM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: Dear Bugman.
My plants are growing taller and I have seen some tiny California Mantids and young Green Lynx Spiders prowling for prey. It is funny how I watched the same predators on my plants last year. There are also numerous immature hopping insects I know are not beneficial to my plants, so I have been squashing them instead of taking their picture, but today I found this very interesting cocoon thing on the leaf of a girl that grew from a seed that came from a Grand Daddy Purple X Blueberry Haze plant I grew last year. Sorry, but I removed it before taking a photo, so I made a dramatic recreation of the way I found it on the underside of a leaf. I hope you enjoy my still life. Please tell me what it is. I really want to know What’s That Bug?
How you want your letter signed: Constant Gardener
Dear Constant Gardener,
This is a very exciting posting for us. We instantly recognized this Ichneumon cocoon in the genus Charops from identification requests we have received from Taiwan and from South Africa. Ichneumon Wasps are parasitoids, meaning the female wasp lays eggs on a larval host, and the larva that hatches then feeds on the internal organs of a host insect or arthropod, eventually killing the host as the larva nears maturity. According to BugGuide: “Known hosts include Tarachidia erastrioides (Grenee) and the green clover worm, Plathypena scabra (Fabricius), both noctuids. (Anonymous 1974)”. You might need to add Ichneumon Wasps from the genus Charops to the list of patrolling predators in your garden.
Letter 6 – Ichneumon: Rhyssa lineolata
Subject: What is this
Location: Winnipeg mb canada
June 5, 2015 4:41 pm
What is this thing I accidentally stepped on
This very distinctly marked parasitic Ichneumon is Rhyssa lineolata, which you can verify on BugGuide. We wonder how many times you are going to refer to the dictionary with this information on the feeding habits that are posted on BugGuide: “idiobiont ectoparasitoids of the immature wood-boring endopterygote insects, in our area usually larval woodwasps (Siricidae and Xiphydriidae), but may also develop as facultative hyperparasitoids using other woodwasp parasitoids as hosts or on virtually any endopterygote (some have even been cultured in the laboratory on entirely unnatural surrogate hosts).”
Letter 7 – Ichneumons
I live in the San Francisco Bay area of Northern California, and for the last week or two we have had a new kind of bug flying in large numbers around our house. I’ve included some pictures of them so that you know what they look like (I apologize if the size of the e-mail causes any problems for you.) At first we thought they were just mosquito hawks, but on further examination they are much uglier. They are nocturnal and attracted to light, and we have perhaps a dozen a night or more swarming around our outside lights, and usually a few that get inside the house. They are about an inch to an inch and a half in length, and are one of the more disturbing bugs I’ve seen. They don’t seem to match up with any of the pictures I found of termites or flying ants, but I really want to know if they are since that would be a big problem for the house! At about the same time these bugs appeared, there also have cropped up a couple of spots on the lawn where the dirt looks almost bubbly – I have no idea if that’s related, but I thought it may be some kind of nest. Please let me know what kind of bug this is so I can stop worrying or get rid of them, whichever is appropriate.
Thank you very much.
Seldom do we get such a concise description accompanied by such wonderful documentation. There is no speculation regarding my identification. You have a species of Ichneumon wasp, Family Ichneumonidae. These are small solitary wasps which have smaller and slenderer bodies and legs than social and semi-social types. The abdomen is compressed from side to side. Some species are as small as gnats, and the larger ones are up to an inch in length. The specimen you photographed belongs to the genus Ophion. All Ichneumons are parasitic on other insects, and many feed on caterpillars. According to Hogue, "The eggs are inserted into the body of the host by means of the females short sharp ovipositor (which incidentally can penetrate human skin). The larvae feed on the internal tissues and, when mature, pupate within the host." They are important biological controls for many agricultural pests. Your possible nest is obviously something else. The adults are often attracted to lights at night.
Thank you very much. Now I can stop worrying. 🙂
Letter 8 – Ichneumons
I was outside this morning at about 8:00 am. I live in West Virginia. I happened to look at the corner o my house near where my gas meter is and saw a real strange bug sitting on the wall. It was very dark blue or black had a body that was about 1.5 to 2 inshes long ( approx) . Had wings that were about an 1.5 or so. Had a curved body. It also had this stinger or something ( not sure what to call it. That was about 1/32 inch in diameter and about 5 or 6 inches long. I watched it for a minutes and it flew off. It was so large that i could see it 50 feet away in the air. Do you have any idea on what it was or where i can find information on flying insects? any help will be great.
Big Bad Bob
Let me commend you on your excellent verbal description. I believe it is a female Ichneumon Wasp, probably Megarhyssa atrata. She uses that long ovipositor to deposit her eggs deep into wood where the young search out and devour wood eating grubs. Very specialized development that would interest all Darwinians.
Letter 9 – Ichneumons
I work at a garden store in South-eastern Wisconsin, and recently I caught some type of what I think is a wasp, ITs all black exept for yellow legs, its abdoman is very narrow at first and strechtes into somthing similar to a mud wasp exept it is much bigger. The strangest thing about this insect is it has thrre "tails" or entenas coming directly out of the stinger withc are aproxemiely 5" long. I am stumped, what kind of wasp is this?
Probably a female Ichneumon Wasp, Megarhyssa atrata.
Letter 10 – “Off With Their Heads” Ichneumons
Subject: What the … Is this?
Location: Maryland USA
May 24, 2016 7:54 pm
I’ve seen wasps and crane flies. This seems to be closer to a wasp. When I tried to be sparing and set it free it attempted to sting me numerous times while not being able to break the skin it seems. It got back inside and brought family ( see photo 2) there does seem to be a stinger on them. I did in fact kill them both. Only get one shot in my house unless your a spider, then you get none. Anyways, do you have any idea of what this is? If you have some photo reference if greatly appreciate it. Thanks!
Signature: Chris Joy
We are very curious about your mini-guillotine, because we cannot fathom how you have managed to kill these two Ichneumon Wasps by removing their heads but otherwise leaving their bodies intact. Most wasps in the family Ichneumonidae, probably the largest family on earth with the most individual species, are perfectly harmless, but members of the subfamily Ophioninae is capable of stinging. According to BugGuide: “Females have a very compressed abdomen and a short, very sharp ovipositor. The ovipositor can penetrate the human skin; most other ichneumons can’t ‘sting’.” BugGuide also notes: “Most species are crepuscular or nocturnal, some diurnal. They are known to come to lights.” These Ichnuemons are solitary, and they did not conspire together to enter your home. We suspect they were attracted to lights. When folks write to us about stinging Crane Flies, we suspect they have confused them with members of this subfamily.
I appreciate your response. That was what I suspected them to be. As far as mini guillotine, well the answer there is just an old fashion credit card and hitting them before they could fly away that simple. But thank you for answering my question I know you all are busy and I’m glad you had the time to respond.
Letter 11 – Ichneumons from Italy
Geographic location of the bug: Italy (Rome)
Time: 05:42 AM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: Hi bugman! Upon return from a week out, we found a lot of these ‘flies’ dead around the house, mostly in the bathroom. We had left a basket with walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts in the living room, so that might have attracted them? Not sure.
Anyway, are you able to identify them?
Thanks as always!
How you want your letter signed: Saverio
These are not Flies. They are Hymenopterans, the insect order that includes Bees and Wasps. They appear to be parasitoid Ichneumons, a group of solitary wasps that parasitize their prey. The Ichneumon larva develops inside the body of the prey, feeding on its internal organs until the host dies, at which time the Ichneumon larva pupates, eventually emerging as winged adults. We suspect your sighting is related to an emergence while you were away. This occurrence might be related to the basket of nuts, but we are not convinced. How large were these Ichneumons? Exact species identification might not be possible. According to the North American site BugGuide: “arguably, the largest animal family, with the estimated 60,000 species worldwide (up to 100,000, according to some estimates” and many species are undescribed.
Letter 12 – Ichneumons from UK
Subject: What is this bug?
Location: Hatfield Forest UK
February 19, 2017 9:56 am
We saw these bugs under tree bark of felled tree in Hatfield forest.
Do you know what it is please?
Though your image lacks critical detail, we are relatively confident these are parasitoid Ichneumon Wasps. Some species feed on wood boring insects, which may explain their presence under the bark of a felled tree. This images from Nature Spot of Achaius oratorius look similar. Ichneumon stramentor, also on Nature Spot, looks like an even better match. According to Nature Spot: ” The larva parasitise the Large Yellow Underwing and Setaceous Hebrew Character moth caterpillars (possibly others), the adult wasp lays its eggs inside the caterpillar, the developing larva then eats it from the inside.” You can also find some interesting information on Paul’s Back Garden Safari.
Letter 13 – Ichneumon species
A huge gorgeous bug
Here is a picture of a two-inch wingspan bug I ushered out of my house
in Mid-Maryland last night. Any clues?
This is a female Ichneumon. We are not sure of the species.
Letter 14 – Ichneumon Stalks Caterpillar
Subject: Red mystery wasp
Location: near Ottawa, Ontario
July 18, 2016 3:43 pm
What is this beautiful little insect? I’m guessing some sort of wasp, maybe a parasitic wasp? I photographed it last week along Cedar Grove Nature Trail near Ottawa, where I see many fascinating tiny insects I can’t identify!
This is an amazing image. We suspect that the Ichneumon Wasp, which you speculated correctly is a parasitoid, is stalking the Caterpillar. Caterpillars are a common host to many species of Ichneumons. Ichneumons are often very host specific, frequently limiting their prey to a single genus, or even a single species. We are probably not even going to attempt to identify this Ichneumon beyond the family level as according to BugGuide, there are: “About 5,000 described species in North America, possibly 3,000 more undescribed” The caterpillar may be an Inchworm in the family Geometridae.
Letter 15 – Ichneumon from UK
Subject: Insect Identification
Location: South East UK
October 20, 2014 10:54 am
Found the attached against my curtains this evening
I literally have no idea what it is or what it could be and have been searching images for the last hour trying to find out
Wondering if you could let me know what it is and if it is native to the uk? i have never seen anything like this and i have lived here all my life (some 27 years)
Signature: Thank you in advance
This is some species of Ichneumon, a member of a family of parasitic wasps. Ichneumons prey upon many agricultural pests and most Ichneumons are very host specific, preying upon a single species or genus, though some prey upon entire families of insects and arthropods. Ichnuemons are a highly diverse family with many members, and we cannot say for certain if you have a native species. Ichneumons are sometimes introduced to prey upon other introduced pests.
Letter 16 – Ichneumon Wasp
Hi. I wonder if you could let me know what these are, I live in the UK, and have looked up several books and Web sites but can’t seem to find them.
It is a species of Ichneumon Wasp. They usually parasitize caterpillars among other insects
Letter 17 – Ichneumon Wasp
Lovely…but what is it?
April 3, 2012 1:02 pm
This one has me stumped. I’ve checked my Audubon guide and typed the description into search engines…so far, nothing that is an exact match. Location: Maryland.
Signature: Barbara Thurlow
This truly is a gorgeous photo of a beautiful parasitic Hymenopteran. We were pretty certain it is classified as an Ichneumon Wasp, and upon browsing BugGuide thoroughly, we believe we have found a match in an unidentified species in the genus Melanichneumon. This unidentified species of a male Ichneumon posted to BugGuide also looks similar, but it is only identified to the subfamily level.
Letter 18 – Ichneumon, we believe
Subject: Small Parasitic Wasp
Location: Rose Hill, CA
October 3, 2012 9:24 pm
I just found this little miss as I was cleaning up my kitchen. I only know she is a wasp but I have no idea what kind. She is approximately 1/2” long excluding her antennae.
Your photos are of excellent quality, however, we do not believe we have the necessary skills to provide you with a species identification. We agree that this is a parasitic wasp, most likely an Ichneumon. According to BugGuide, the family contains: “About 5,000 described species in North America, possibly 3,000 more undescribed(2); arguably, the largest animal family, with the estimated 60,000 species worldwide (up to 100,000, according to some estimates(3).)”
Good morning Daniel,
Thank you for that identification!
In looking at the images on BugGuide as well as others on the internet I agree on Ichneumon. Ironically as a kid that was one of my favorite insects to name out of one of my insect books yet I never realized that they came in such a diminutive size. I have a whole new found fascination for last nights house guest.
Letter 19 – Ichneumon we believe
Subject: Wasp mimic?
Location: Columbus, OH
March 27, 2017 7:41 am
Hello! This insect landed on me and I cannot for the life of me figure out what it is (my best guess is some sort of sawfly). This picture was taken on March 25th in central Ohio in an urban enviornment–I was actually about to get in my car when it was spotted. The weather was sunny and in the 70’s. I am especially perplexed by the super long antenna and the fact that the colored bands on the abdomen do not wrap all the way around. Thanks!
We are posting prior to doing any research as we are rushed right now, but we believe this is an Ichneumon, a member of a very large family of Parasitic Wasps, that are often recognized by long antennae. Here is a similar looking Ichneumon in the genus Banchus from BugGuide.
Letter 20 – Ichneumon, we believe
Subject: What is this flying bug
Geographic location of the bug: Sacramento California
Time: 10:50 PM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: This was buzzing at me fairly large dont know what it is.
How you want your letter signed: Weirdbug
This sure looks like an Ichneumon to us, or some other parasitoid wasp, but we have not had any luck with a definitive identity. We wish there was more detail in your image. Ichneumons are parasitoid Wasps that are considered important biological control agents for caterpillars and other insects. According to BugGuide: “a great variety of hosts (mostly immature stages) is used, though most species attack only a few host types; some infest spiders and other non-insect arthropods.” The wing veination on your individual appears very similar to the drawing on Le Monde des Insectes.
Letter 21 – Irish Ichneumon
I found this bug on my kitchen window, had to take a photo as i have never seen one like it before. I live in Belfast N.Ireland and curious to know if this is a local insect or unknown to Ireland.
This is some species of Ichneumon. If it was from the U.S. I would say it was the genus Megarhyssa. It might be. At any rate, it is one of the Ichneumons.
Letter 22 – Male Ichneumon
can u tell me what this is
i found this guy in a casino out side of chicago
We believe this is a male Ichneumon in the genus Megarhyssa. We usually get photos of the females with their extremely long ovipositors. We will check with Eric Eaton to get a second opinion.
Letter 23 – Male Ichneumon
Subject: need help identifying this wasp
Geographic location of the bug: Occoquan NWR, Occoquan Virginia
Time: 08:33 PM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: Once more I must ask for you excellent help. I cannot seem to find what species this attractive wasp is in any of my usual resources (including your wonderful site, of course!) Thanks very much in advance.
How you want your letter signed: Seth
This is a parasitoid wasp in the family Ichneumonidae, and according to BugGuide: “~5,000 described spp. in almost 500 genera in the Nearctic Region, possibly 3,000 more undescribed; arguably, the largest animal family, with the estimated 60,000 species worldwide (up to 100,000, according to some estimates. Those numbers mean that species identifications can be very challenging. Your individual looks very similar to Lymeon orbus based on this BugGuide image, but your individual lacks an ovipositor, making it a male, and your individual has a black band on the hind leg lacking in the images we have located of Lymeon orbus. So, we are certain that this is an Ichneumon Wasp, we are nearly certain it is a male, and beyond that, we need to defer to real experts. If you find any closer visual matches, please let us know.
Letter 24 – Male Ichneumon, we believe
Location: Southwest MI, USA
October 18, 2013 4:08 pm
Happened to see this fellow on a marigold. Had never seen one before but after looking online, my best guess it is some sort of sawfly. Can you identify it for me?
Signature: d.k. dodge
Hi d.k. dodge,
We believe this is a male Ichneumon, and that family, according to BugGuide, contains: “About 5,000 described species in North America, possibly 3,000 more undescribed(2); arguably, the largest animal family, with the estimated 60,000 species worldwide (up to 100,000, according to some estimates.” We have contacted Eric Eaton for confirmation.
Eric Eaton confirms
Yes, an ichneumon. Not sure what gender, though. Not all female ichneumons have a visible ovipositor.
Thank you. The body type would be consistent with many ichneumons, so I’m not surprised. I anxiously await more confirmation.
Letter 25 – Newly emerged Ichneumon
Geographic location of the bug: Campbell, Ohio
Time: 8:46 AM EDT
Daniel has been taking many images of interesting creatures using his magicphone (his first cellular telephone ever which he has had for the past year) because the iPhone pro has a marvelous camera. Last week one morning while enjoying coffee in the garden, Daniel spotted this parasitic wasp, presumably an Ichneumon, preening on the tip of a blade of grass, so he picked the blade of grass to get a better look. He realized by the preening he observed that this was probably a newly emerged wasp that had not yet flown. It seemed it was checking out its new sensory organs, the antennae, and Daniel observed for about a half an hour before it finally flew off. Ichneumon Wasps and their relatives the Braconids and the Chalcids are all interesting parasitic wasps that often prey on a single species.
Letter 26 – Parasitic Hymenopteran (Ichneumon or Braconid?) from Germany
Wasp? Horntail? in Thuringen Germany
Location: Central Germany
November 15, 2011 6:51 pm
I took this photo with a 100mm Macro in Heilbad-Heilegnstadt Thuringen, Germany.
It measured less than 1/2 inch, as you can see from the veins of the leaf.
I have tried to identify it to no avail.
Signature: Laurel R.
This is a Parasitic Hymenopteran, most likely an Ichneumon, but possibly a Braconid. She is a female and the stingerlike ovipositor is used to lay eggs inside the host, generally an insect. Ichneumons and Braconids are important biological control agents that are usually very host specific. We rarely attempt to identify most Ichneumons and Braconids to the species level as it is a task best left to specialists.
Thank you Daniel! I searched and searched to id that little wasp, even with your further information I could not find
a photo of it.
I live in Nyack, New York about 20 miles north of New York City. I have been writing about the insects in my garden
daily since July. The variety of species is amazing!
The photos are from my recent trip to visit my son in Thuringen.
Letter 27 – Unknown Ichneumon
Subject: What Kind of Bug is this?
Location: Suburbs of Chicago
May 27, 2016 6:01 pm
I am a student photographer and as an assignment I am to photograph nature and then explain my pictures. I took about 100 pictures (manual and automatic, color and black and white). After looking online no one in my family can identify this bug. It seems to not be using its 5th and 6th legs and it isn’t flying, maybe a wing is broken.
We do not yet have a species identification, but we have determined that your parasitic Wasp must be in the superfamily Ichneumonoidea, which according to BugGuide has only two families, the Braconids and the Ichneumons. Our money was originally on this being a female Braconid, but our browsing through both families on BugGuide did not produce species that even looks similar. We are posting your request as Unidentified and we hope it does not remain so tagged for long.
Eric Eaton Responds
Definitely an ichneumon, and pretty, but I have no idea which one. Sorry!
Letter 28 – Parasitic Wasp: Ichneumon Species
Very cool site; I must check in at least once a week. I am an avid macrophotographer and came across this insect in Delaware on Nov. 14th. I am quessing it may be a Horntail. The last tergite of the abdomen has a spike that resembles an ovipositor. It was found on a pokeweed in a white pine forest. Its body lenght was about 2.5 cm minus the antenna and spike. I checked my field guides and did a few internet searchs to no avail. Any ID assistance would be appreciated. Thank you,
What a gorgeous photo. We flipped it to maximize its size on our site. This is a Parasitic Wasp in the superfamily Ichneumonidae. We are not sure if it is a true Ichneumon, or a Brachonid. We will see if Eric Eaton can provide an answer. Eric wrote in that in his opinion, this is an Ichneumon.
Letter 29 – Possibly Ichneumon from Alaska
Subject: Insect That has Taken South Central Alaska by Storm
Geographic location of the bug: Anchorage Alaska
Time: 12:20 AM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: I am looking to ID this insect. They seem to be appearing everywhere over the last two weeks in Anchorage AK. This particular specimen may have a missing leg, but most do not. It seems similar to wood wasps I have seen before, but is smaller at ~1” long. Thanks for the help!
How you want your letter signed: Scott P
We believe this is an Ichneumon, a parasitoid wasp, or possibly a Braconid, also a parasitoid wasp, and both are in the superfamily Ichneumonoidea, which is according to BugGuide: “A very biodiverse and important group. Many are valuable biocontrol agents that control populations of agricultural and forest pest insects. Wasplike in appearance, but (with rare exceptions) do not sting. “
Letter 30 – Probably Ichneumon from Canada
Subject: Red-yellow-black winged ant?
Geographic location of the bug: Ottawa, Ontario
Time: 01:01 PM EDT
Hi, Bugman! It’s starting to get cold out and I’ve been seeing occasional coniferous seed bugs around inside, but today I found this striking creature. What beautiful colours she has! Despite the distinct pattern and yellow mark on her back, I’m not sure what she is. Not like the paper wasps I’ve seen. Some sort of wasp or flying ant (because of the way the wings sit)? She wasn’t hostile but flew back to the windowsill when I attempted to move with a paper.
How you want your letter signed: With a casual interest in entomology, Dannie
We believe this is a parasitoid Ichneumon, a relative of bees and wasps. According to BugGuide: “They vary greatly in size and color; many are uniformly colored, from yellowish to black and others are brightly patterned with black and brown or black and yellow; many have middle segments of antennae yellowish or whitish. The majority resemble slender wasps but differ from the stinging wasps (Scolioidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea) in having longer antennae with more segments (usually at least 16). Many have long ovipositors, often longer than the body. Ichneumonids are notoriously hard to identify: aside from the sheer number of species, there are numerous cases of distant relatives that appear almost identical. Any identification based solely on comparing images should be treated as suspect unless an expert has said there are no lookalikes for the species or group in question.”
Letter 31 – Ichneumon from Australia
What the hell is this?
Location: Adelaide, Australia
November 19, 2010 12:01 am
I’m thinking a wasp of some kind, but I cant find anything about it on the internet. Picture is kinda poor, but best I could get. It is rather big for an insect. Long, slender, black body. Big wings. Two long things that look like stingers. Very long antennae. Lets off a very strong and strange smell when threatened. Very loud when flying around. Body is extremely hard, extremely difficult to kill. Seriously, I squashed this thing last night and come back to it today and it is still moving. I find one or two of these things in my house about every six months or so.
Your photo is quite blurry, so we cannot be certain, but we believe this is some species of Ichneumon, a group of insects in the order that includes wasps and bees. Ichneumons are parasitoids and the female lays her eggs on or near the prey. Larval Ichneumons are internal parasites that eventually kill the prey. Many Ichneumons prey upon caterpillars, but depending upon the species, they have a wide variety of insect and spider hosts. Ichneumons do not pose a danger to humans. We could not find a close match on the Insects of Brisbane website Ichneumon page, but the antennae on your specimen are a primary factor in our tentative identification.
Karl provides another identification
Hi Daniel and Scott:
It looks like a Cream-spotted Ichneumon (Echthromorpha intricatoria). The species is found all over Australia and has been introduced to New Zealand, where it is known as the Whitespotted Ichneumon. The larvae are parasitic on the pupae of a variety of butterflies and moths. Regards. Karl
Letter 32 – Striped Ichneumon: Unnecessary Carnage in Wisconsin
Subject: As coined by a commenter – a Nope Striped Nopey Nope Nope
Location: South Eastern Wisconsin
August 7, 2015 7:03 am
First off, thank you for providing such a valuable resource for us “what in the heck is this thing”ers; it has helped solve more than a few similar situations and I continue to direct people here when they have bug identification questions (and to donate).
This morning a friend of mine posted the attached pictures (apologies for the blurriness) asking for help. At first glance it was assumed to be a black and yellow mud dauber, but the abdomen seems to be much too large (as well as striped). I had attempted (in vain) to identify what the forked end on the abdomen was as well, but looking at it now I think it may just be other parts (legs?) that are folded under the body. Also, the fat thorax (much larger than I’m accustomed to around here) throws me for a loop. The segmentation just doesn’t seem right for a wasp.
Sadly, this little guy (gal?) said hi to individuals who were less than hospitable and was swatted down in their prime.
Thanks for your help in advance!
Based on the long antennae, we decided to begin our searching among the parasitic wasps known as Ichneumons, and we quickly found a similar looking individual identified as Setanta compta on the Nature Search site, but the striping on that individual goes to the tip of the abdomen while your individual has a black tipped abdomen. The striping on the legs is also different, but we still turned to BugGuide to see if there was more variation in the species. We then determined you have a different species, and we located a very good match on BugGuide, but alas, it is only identified to the tribe Ichneumonini. Your individual also looks similar to Diphyus palliatorius pictured on the French language page Aramel.Free. According to BugGuide, in the family Ichneumonidae there are: “About 5,000 described species in North America, possibly 3,000 more undescribed; arguably, the largest animal family,” and we don’t believe we will be able to provide you with an exact species identity, but we do believe the closest we can come is the unidentified individual on Bugguide.
You are incredible – thank you so much for your work in this! I can’t imagine how much time you, and your team, invest into these requests, but know that it is sincerely appreciated.
You are most welcome Matthew. Were it not for identification requests with excellent images, we would not have much of a site.
Letter 33 – Unidentified Ichneumon from Canada in the Pacific Northwest
Subject: Wasp ?
Location: Victoria BC Canada
June 26, 2014 10:13 pm
I have a group of these flying around one section of my property. They look like wasps, but are much thinner and longer. They hover low to the ground, seeming to fly in circles, and dont seem to be going to a ‘ nest ‘ that I can see. They also do not seem to be aggressive like the other pesky wasps…yet. They have been hovering in the same area now for just about a week
Are these a threat to my Pets, and what are the advantages / disadvantages to them and how do I get rid of them.
Signature: Randie Ruckle
In 2008, we posted some images that were identified as Ichneumons, members of a family of wasps that parasitize other insects and sometimes other arthropods, but as it is a very large family, we never drilled down to the species level. Recently there has been a flurry of comments from the Pacific Northwest to that posting including reports of stings or bites, and since you have provided us with new images, we have decided to see if we are able to properly identify this Ichneumon and provide any relevant information. This may take some time, but we will work on it. Your Ichneumons seem to resemble members of the tribe Ichneumonini based on BugGuide images, but they might be in a different tribe. BugGuide states: “About 5,000 described species in North America, possibly 3,000 more undescribed; arguably, the largest animal family, with the estimated 60,000 species worldwide (up to 100,000, according to some estimates,” and they do have an extensive archive of Ichneumons. Pouring through it will take some time. If the information we have provided leads you to an identification before we get back to you, please give us an update.
Update: We did locate a matching image on Island Nature devoted to Vancouver Island, but it is not identified.
Thanks so much for the info.
I think my concern is there are alot of them in that section. I would say about 50 at least, all hovering ( flying ) just about ground level. From what I have read in Wiki, they ae supposed to be solitary. There does not seem to be a ” nest ” that I can see them going to. The area is about 10 x 20 feet, give or take, that they are congregating in. I dont really want a group of stinging insects around with my 2 19 year old dogs and my indoor/outdoor cat.
Thanks again. Any info is great !
Letter 34 – Unknown Ichneumon
Thu, Jul 2, 2009 at 6:48 PM
Hello! I found this incredible creature flying around in the grass on a warm June night in Western Massachusetts. I think it is an ichneumon, but I just can’t seem to find out much more. Can you tell me its species? Thanks so much!
We agree that it is an Ichenumon, and we agree that it is beautiful, but we are uncertain of the exact species. We will contact Eric Eaton to see if he can provide any additional information. We will also post your letter in the hope that one of our readers knows more than we do. We would recommend that you either keep checking the posting to see if there has been a comment, or better yet, supply an additional comment to the posting with any additional information that may be helpful. Then if a reader provides a comment with an identification, you will automatically be notified.
Yes, it is an ichneumon, but no telling what subfamily, let alone genus or species, without the specimen in hand.
Take care, enjoy the holiday weekend….
Letter 35 – Unknown Ichneumon
Subject: Unknown wasp or ichneumon
Location: Island Park, Idaho
July 27, 2012 3:26 pm
Could you identify this flying bug for me. It was shot in Island Park, Idaho in July 2012.
We agree that this is some species of Ichneumon, but after browsing through the BugGuide possibilities twice with no luck at a species or genus identity, we are unable to provide you with that information. We are posting it as an unidentified Ichenumon and perhaps we will be able to determine the species in the future.
Letter 36 – Unknown Ichneumon
Subject: Pacific Northwest Ichneumon
Location: Renton, WA
May 28, 2015 4:28 pm
I’ve been seeing about 50 of these guys parade my front and back yard over the grass areas. They do not seem to be harmful, and only hover over the grass areas. I did research and came across your website to find out it’s an “ichneumon wasp” according to Eric Eaton on another post. Would you happen to know where they nest or why they’re parading my lawn areas for? At first they looked like yellow jackets, but their bodies are much too skinny and orange to be. The pics I’ll include are from a few days ago. Any info would be great. Thanks.
We noticed your comment on the other Ichneumon posting, and we still are not able to provide a species identification for this Ichneumon. Ichneumon Wasps do not build a nest. They are parasitoids of a variety of insects and arthropods, and they are generally very host specific. The female lays an egg on a host, or sometimes she uses her ovipositor to deposit eggs within the host. The larvae then feed on the still living host. Again, Ichneumons are not social wasps, but they are very important natural, biological controls for other insect populations, hence they are beneficial. Most Ichneumons are perfectly harmless to humans, though members of the genus Ophion are known to sting, but they are still not considered harmful to humans.
Letter 37 – Unknown Ichneumon from Australia
Subject: What kind of wasp is this?
Location: Adelaide, South Australia
December 16, 2013 8:28 pm
I found this in our backyard and was wondering exactly what it is and is it dangerous. We live in Adelaide, South Australia. Thanks.
This is some species of Ichneumon, a large and diverse group of parasitoid wasps that are not considered dangerous to humans. The female uses her ovipositor, which is visible in your photo, to deposit her eggs, often directly into the body of the host insect or arthropod. Most Ichneumons are very host specific, and the prey include many different orders, including butterflies and moths, true bugs and other wasps. We hope to eventually determine a species identification for this unusual Ichneumon.
Letter 38 – Unknown Ichneumon from Costa Rica
Subject: What’s this yellow wasp?
Geographic location of the bug: Costa Rica, Nicoya Peninsuala
Time: 05:49 PM EDT
Your letter to the bugman: Hi there! I’m living in Costa Rica and accustomed to all manner of crazy bugs, including having many, many paper wasps making my home their home. I’ve come across a very pretty wasp today, however, which I’ve never seen before. Any time there’s only one of something and it’s abnormally pretty, I start to wonder. I was hoping you could help me identify my new kitchen guest and let me know if I should be nervous about the surprisingly long stinger or not.
(sorry about the dust…it’s a daily accumulation, it’s crazy down here!)
Thanks in advance!
How you want your letter signed: Monique
We believe this is a parasitoid Ichneumon, a harmless solitary Wasp, but we have not had any luck finding any similar looking individuals online. According to BugGuide: “arguably, the largest animal family, with the estimated 60,000 species worldwide (up to 100,000, according to some estimates” and “Ichneumonids are notoriously hard to identify: aside from the sheer number of species, there are numerous cases of distant relatives that appear almost identical. Any identification based solely on comparing images should be treated as suspect unless an expert has said there are no lookalikes for the species or group in question.” Ichneumons are important biological control agents and many species prey on caterpillars. The female uses her long ovipositor (not a real stinger) to lay eggs inside the body of the living host and the larva that hatches will feed on the internal organs of the host, eventually killing it.
Thank you Daniel!
I used your identification in Google Images and, instead of getting moths like searching my image did, I found many similar images, so I completely trust your ID. She really was pretty and I hope that she finds a nice caterpillar nearby to help her hatch a lovely family.
Thanks for such a quick reply!
Letter 39 – Unknown Ichneumon Wasp
First of all, you guys are awesome. I’ve sent photos of several different insects and arachnids your way and you always help out the best you can when it comes to identification. I commend you for always being courteous and prompt (when you can be). Now that I’ve done my quota of kissing butt, here are some more photos of critters I could use some help with. I only publish amateur photos on my website, so most of the time the species of creature is in question. Don’t get me wrong, I can tell an arachnid from an insect and an amphibian from a reptile, but whenever possible I prefer to positively identify a critter’s species. If you can even just point me in the right direction "order"-wise, I can probably find it. If you can give me the actual species…even better. Thanks in advance,
Most importantly, where are you located? This is some species of Ichenumon. We believe it may be a male Giant Ichneumon in the genus Megarhyssa. Your moth is one of the Sphinx Moths, but we need to research what species. We are posting yout two insects separately as putting different orders in one posting complicates our already disorganized archives.
A couple quick corrections to recent postings, if I may: The “Unknown ichneumon wasp” is NOT a male of Megarhyssa. Most ichneumon wasps are essentially impossible to identify beyond family from an image alone. Even specimens can be problematic! The one imaged here resembles the genus Ophion, but in no way can I be positive of that. … Cheers,