Leafwing: All You Need to Know in a Quick Guide

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Leafwing butterflies are fascinating creatures known for their unique appearance and intriguing behavior. One of the most intriguing species is the Florida Leafwing (Anaea troglodyta floridalis), which can be found in the pine rockland habitat of south Florida. Their bright orange upper wings make them easy to spot in flight, but when at rest, their cryptic coloration on the lower wings makes them look like a dead leaf, providing them with natural camouflage.

These butterflies play a vital role in the ecosystem, as they form the base of complex ecological food webs in agricultural, natural, and urban areas. However, the Florida Leafwing is currently on the brink of extinction, with Everglades National Park being the only place where they can be found. This decline in their population is mainly due to habitat loss and encroachment.

Some key features of the Florida Leafwing butterfly include:

  • Medium-sized, approximately 2.75 to 3 inches in length
  • Exhibits sexual dimorphism, with females being slightly larger and differently colored
  • Cryptic coloration provides natural camouflage when at rest

Leafwing Butterfly Overview

Types and Species

  • Florida Leafwing: A medium-sized butterfly native to southern Florida, known for its unique coloration and leaf-like appearance. Learn more here.

Physical Characteristics

  • Size: Medium-sized with a wingspan between 2.75-3 inches.
  • Color: Upper-wing surface is red to red-brown, while the underside is gray to tan.
  • Shape: Tapered outline, mimicking a dead leaf when at rest.

Natural Habitats

  • Pine Rockland: Found mainly in south Florida’s pine rockland habitat.
Species Size Color Natural Habitats
Florida Leafwing 2.75-3 inches Red to Red-Brown Pine Rockland

Note: The Florida Leafwing butterfly is an example of a leafwing species. Other species may exhibit different characteristics and habitats.

Life Cycle and Behavior


Leafwing insects reproduce through laying eggs on specific host plants. This ensures that their offspring have an immediate food source upon hatching.

Feeding Habits

  • Caterpillars: Primarily feed on leaves of host plants, e.g., wood-based plants
  • Adult leafwings: Primarily feed on nectar from flowers, occasionally consume rotting fruit

Predators and Survival Mechanisms

Leafwings have developed distinct survival mechanisms to evade predators such as birds and larger insects:

  1. Camouflage: Their wing patterns resemble leaves, making it difficult for predators to spot them when resting on foliage
  2. Positioning: They raise their wings in a vertical position, further enhancing their leaf-like appearance
  3. Flight behavior: Quick and erratic flight patterns make them hard to catch
Wings Insect A (Generic Insect) Insect B (Leafwing)
Wing pattern Plain or colorful Leaf-like
Wing position Horizontal Vertical
Flight pattern Regular Quick and erratic

The unique life cycle and behavior of leafwings enable them to thrive in their natural habitats, primarily woods and forests. By adapting their reproduction, feeding habits, and survival mechanisms to their surroundings, these remarkable insects continue to be a fascinating kind to study and observe.

Leafwing Center and Conservation Efforts

Research and Management Programs

The Leafwing Center focuses on understanding and managing leafwing populations. Some examples of their efforts include:

  • Monitoring population trends
  • Studying migration patterns
  • Identifying threats to leafwings

Protecting and Preserving Habitats

An essential task of conservation is preserving habitats. The Center works to:

  • Collaborate with landowners in ensuring habitat protection
  • Restore degraded habitats
  • Inform policy decisions to support the preservation of leafwing environments

Captive Breeding and Release Initiatives

One of the Center’s strategies is a captive breeding program, aimed at helping leafwing populations thrive. Key aspects of this initiative are:

  • Rearing leafwings in a controlled environment
  • Releasing mature leafwings into their natural habitat
  • Monitoring released individuals for success in the wild

The following table compares the Leafwing Center’s efforts to conserve leafwings:

Initiative Advantages Disadvantages
Research and Management Helps understand population trends Resources spent on data collection
Habitat Preservation Ensures long-term survival May conflict with land development
Captive Breeding and Release Revives dwindling populations Can be costly, risk of inbreeding

Leafwing in Popular Culture

Pantala and The Lost Continent

In the world of fiction, Pantala is a continent featured in the series “Wings of Fire” by Tui T. Sutherland. The Lost Continent, the eleventh book in the series, introduces another type of dragon called the LeafWing1. Examples of LeafWing characteristics in the series include:

  • Green scales
  • Leaf-shaped wings
  • Strong connection to nature

Therapist’s Role in Autism Treatment

In popular culture, LeafWing might also refer to a fictional therapist character. If this were the case, the role of a therapist in autism treatment would involve:

  • Developing individualized treatment plans
  • Implementing evidence-based interventions
  • Facilitating communication and social skills development

For example, a therapist might use Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy to improve social skills and reduce challenging behaviors in children with autism.

Therapy Pros Cons
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Evidence-based, individualized Can be time-consuming, costly

Creative Uses and Inspirations

Nature-Inspired Art and Design

Leafwing butterflies have inspired many artists and designers with their vibrant colors and intricate patterns. For example, some filmmakers have used the leafwing’s unique appearance in their animations, creating visually stunning scenes in a video.

Trim and Dry for Collections

Collectors often find value in preserving leafwings for display. By carefully trimming and drying these delicate specimens, enthusiasts can create impressive displays, showcasing the diversity of the leafwing tribe.

Examples of leafwing collections:

  • School projects
  • Natural history museums
  • Private collections

Pros of Leafwing Collections

  • Educational: showcasing biodiversity
  • Aesthetically pleasing: vibrant colors and patterns

Cons of Leafwing Collections

  • Ethical concerns: capturing and preserving butterflies
  • Fragility: delicate specimens may be damaged easily

Comparison Table: Animated Leafwing vs. Physical Collection

Animated Leafwing Physical Collection
Eco-friendly May raise ethical concerns
Easily shareable through digital media Fragile, not easily transportable
Adaptable to various scenarios in a video Limited display options

To summarize, leafwing butterflies provide a wealth of creative inspiration for artists and collectors alike. Whether it’s through nature-inspired art and design or carefully preserved collections, these vibrant and delicate creatures are a source of awe and fascination.


  1. [Wings of Fire book series by Tui T. Sutherland, information found on various fan websites dedicated to the series]

Reader Emails

Over the years, our website, whatsthatbug.com has received hundreds of letters and some interesting images asking us about these insects. Scroll down to have a look at some of them.

Letter 1 – Butterfly from Costa Rica: Not Morpho but Leafwing


Hi Bugman,
My neighbor and I have 1000c ($2) riding on the answer to what this is. He says it’s a morpho. I say it’s not. I have lots of morphos on my property. Some are solid blue on top and some are blue with a thin black edging.. Both are bigger than the one pictured and they have a different pattern on the underside of the wing. They have the big owl spots and a darker brown pattern. These butterflies seem to enjoy the mangos. They are medium sized and very striking, but I’m betting they aren’t a morpho. Thanks for your help.
Costa Rica

Hi Jori,
We have been scouring the internet for an hour trying to get you a definitive answer. Here is what we do know. The butterfly is in the family Nymphalidae, the same family as the Morphos. We believe it is in the subfamily Morphinae, the Morphos, or Brassolinae, the Owl Butterflies. The markings and coloration are consistant with the markings and coloration of a Morpho. Morphos take sustenance from fruit like your specimen. We found a website with listings of the Morphos and Owls of Monteverde, and the four species in the genus Morpho DO NOT match your specimen. There is another genus listed in the subfamily Morphinae. It is Antirrhea, but it has proven difficult to find images of these two representatives. While searching we found an impressive Asian website with no matching Morphos or Owls. Our conclusion is that your butterfly is Morpho-esque, but we really need assistance with its correct identification.

Correction: (07/02/2008) Butterfly from Costa Rica: Morpho or Not???
Re: Butterfly from Costa Rica: Morpho or Not??? (07/01/2008) BIG MONEY RIDING ON THIS ONE!
Hello Bugman:
I believe the butterfly in question is a leafwing (Charaxinae), probably a White-spotted Prepona (Archaeoprepona amphimachus). There are numerous online images e.g.: http://butterfliesofamerica.com/archaeoprepona_amphimachus_amphiktion.htm and http://neotropicalbutterflies.com/Site%20Revision/Pages/Nymphalidae_Pages/Charaxinae/Charaxinae_Pages/Archaeoprepona_amphimachus.html Regards,

Letter 2 – Goatweed Leafwing


Missouri Butterly
Thu, Dec 18, 2008 at 1:05 PM
Poor quality photo from phone camera. Out of Houston, MO. What kind is it or is it not a butterfly but a moth? Thank you
Bobby from MO
Houston, MO

Goatweed Leafwing
Goatweed Leafwing

Hi Bobby,
Even though your photo is quite blurry, we are nonetheless excited to post it because it represents a new species for our website.  This is a Goatweed Leafwing Butterfly, Anaea andria.   Leafwings are mainly a tropical group of butterflies in the subfamily Charaxinae.  According to Jeffrey Glassberg in the book Butterflies Through Binoculars The West, the Goatweed Leafwing: “often flies as if swooping up and down on ocean waves. Overwintering individuals have more pointed FWs [forewings] than summer individuals.” We tried to make this post yesterday morning, but we lost our Time Warner internet connection mysteriously.

Letter 3 – Leafwing


Subject: Leafwing Butterflies
Location: Wichita County, North Texas, USA
December 1, 2014 11:36 am
I snapped these two photos of what I presume are leafwing butterflies in my backyard on November 29, 2014. Is there a way to narrow down their identification? They were feasting on old bananas.
Signature: Anna


Dear Anna,
This is indeed one of three Leafwing species in the genus
Anaea found in the U.S., however only two species are reported from Florida.  We are uncertain if this is a Tropical Leafwing or a Goatweed Leafwing.  Perhaps someone with more experience with Leafwings can identify the species.  BugGuide does not offer a means of distinguishing the two species, and we can try figuring out their differences by reading Jeffrey Glassberg’s “Butterflies Through Binoculars, The West”.  That excellent guide book does have range maps, and only the Goatweed Leafwing, Anaea andria, is found in North Texas, so that is our best guess.  We would not rule out the possibility that Global Warming may have increased the range of the Tropical Leafwing.


Letter 4 – Leafwings from Costa Rica


Subject: Butterfly ID
Location: Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica
November 19, 2013 1:13 pm
Nr 6 is a butterfly I found in Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica. In january 2013
I couldn’t take a picture with the wings open but maybe it will do
Signature: ?

Leafwings:  Archaeoprepona amphimachus
Leafwings: Archaeoprepona amphimachus

Dear questioning,
Though you submitted numerous identification requests, we will most likely only be able to turn our attention to one this morning since we must soon leave for work.  These appear to be Leafwings, more specifically, White Spotted Preponas,
Archaeoprepona amphimachus, and they appear to be taking nutrients from what might be a piece of rotting fruit.  We wish you had supplied us with additional information regarding the circumstances leading up to this image.  Wikimedia has a nice image showing the dorsal and ventral surfaces of a mounted specimen.

Thank you for your time already.
All the circumstances leading to the 9 pictures were the same.
We were on holiday in Costa Rica and we want to visit all the nature reserves.
As much as possible in 3 weeks
So all the pictures were taken when we walked through the reserves.
We never search for it.
We’ve just taken the pictures when we were following the main road.

Letter 5 – Leafwings from Costa Rica


Subject: butter fly or moth?
Location: Tortunguero, Costa Rica
January 15, 2013 1:42 pm
Here’s a pic of 2 butter flies on a piece of pineapple. Can you tell me what kind they are? I am making a storybook of the trip and would like to include some info. Thanks
Signature: Steve

Leafwings from Costa Rica

Dear Steve,
There are two different species of butterflies in your image, and both are in the family Nymphalidae, the Brush Footed Butterflies.  After considerable searching, we believe we have correctly identified the two butterflies that are centered in your photograph as Leafwings in the tribe Anaeini.  After browsing through countless images on the Butterflies of America website, we believe we have correctly identified them as Tiger-Striped Leafwings,
Consul fabius cecrops, though we would not discount that they might be a different species in the genus or even a different genus in the tribe.

Tiger Striped Leafwings, we believe

We have also obsessed on identifying the partial butterfly in the lower left hand corner but our eyes have gone blurry in the process. 

Brush Footed Butterfly



Letter 6 – Pale Leafwing or Pearly Leafwing from Costa Rica


Costa Rican Butterfly
Hi Bug Person,
On a recent trip to Costa Rica – I took this shot & went thru The Butterfly Handbook by Miller & Miller & I cant find its name Attached is its photo. Thanks in advance Regards,

Hi Preston,
We spent way too much time trying to unsuccessfully identify what we presume to be a Brush-Footed Butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. Perhaps one of our readers will write in with an answer.

Update: (11/04/2007) Costa Rican butterfly
Hello bug-nuts!
I think Preston’s Costa Rican butterfly is consul electra. See Philip J. DeVries’ “The Butterflies of Costa Rica”, Vol. 1. You’re right on the genus; nymphalidea. Any chance to re-visit Costa Rica, even through you site, is very welcome. Heaven for bug-nuts!
Don Dinndorf
St. Augusta, MN
P.S. There were still a few moths flitting about the woods as we hunted deer yesterday. Weird for this far north.

Hi Don,
We located some images of Consul electra, the Pale or Pearly Leafwing, online and they seem to match the photo sent to us. Thanks for your assistance.

Letter 7 – Scarlet Leafwing from Nicaragua


Subject: A moth with a face, what is it?
Location: Las Salinas, Rivas Department of Nicaragua
July 24, 2016 12:09 pm
I am an expat in Las Salinas, Nicaragua by the Pacific Coast. I enjoy butterflies and moths. However about three weeks ago I photographed this moth that has a strange face. I cannot find any online resources to help me identity it. Any help would be grateful and appreciated.
Signature: Christy C. R. Kennedy

Scarlet Leafwing
Scarlet Leafwing

Dear Christy,
When attempting an insect identification, narrowing down the search to a family is always helpful.  This is a Brush-Footed Butterfly in the family Nymphalidae, not a moth.  Furthermore, it looked to us like one of the Leafwing Butterflies.  Our first clue was a matching thumbnail we found on Neotropical Butterflies, but alas, the name associated with the thumbnail, Pylene Prepona, was obviously incorrect, so we dragged the thumbnail into photoshop hoping it was named, and we got lucky as it was labeled
Siderone galanthis and that name led us to the Butterflies of Amazonia site and the Scarlet Leafwing.  The site states:  “The tribe Anaeini comprises of 87 neotropical species in the genera Coenophlebia, Anaea, Consul, Memphis, Polygrapha, Siderone, Fountainea and Zaretis. The butterflies are characterised by having a very rapid and strong flight. They have stout bodies, falcate wings, and on the upper surface are generally black, marked with bands of orange, bright red, or lustrous blue according to genus and species. The undersides of all Anaeini are cryptically patterned in mottled brown tones, and bear a very strong resemblance to dead leaves.
Siderone galanthis is distributed from Mexico to southern Brazil, and also occurs in the Caribbean on Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Trinidad.”  Butterflies of America also has some nice images.


  • Bugman

    Bugman aka Daniel Marlos has been identifying bugs since 1999. whatsthatbug.com is his passion project and it has helped millions of readers identify the bug that has been bugging them for over two decades. You can reach out to him through our Contact Page.

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  • Piyushi Dhir

    Piyushi is a nature lover, blogger and traveler at heart. She lives in beautiful Canada with her family. Piyushi is an animal lover and loves to write about all creatures.

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