Christmas Beetle: All You Need to Know in a Nutshell

The Christmas beetle is a fascinating insect that grabs attention during the holiday season. These colorful beetles, found primarily in Australia, are known for their vibrant, metallic hues and association with the warm, festive months of December and January. They belong to the scarab family and have a diverse range of species, with over 35 identified so far.

One of the reasons Christmas beetles have become synonymous with the holiday season is their tendency to swarm around outdoor lights during Christmas gatherings. Their larvae primarily feed on grassroots, while adult beetles prefer the foliage of eucalyptus trees. These interesting insects play a critical role in the natural ecosystem as decomposers and recyclers of organic materials.

While Christmas beetles are not a threat to humans, they can sometimes cause damage to trees by defoliating them. This usually happens when the population increases significantly in a given area, which can stress affected trees. Overall, these beetles contribute to the unique ecological diversity of the Australian landscape and are a fascinating subject for entomology enthusiasts.

What is a Christmas Beetle?

Origin and Significance of the Name

Christmas beetles are named so because they are commonly found during the Christmas season in Australia. They primarily belong to the Anoplognathus genus of the scarabaeidae family, and their association with the festive season adds a sense of wonder and delight.

Relation to Scarab Beetles

Christmas beetles are part of the scarabaeidae family, which consists of dung beetles and others with a similar structure. They share features such as:

  • A convex body shape
  • Clubbed antennae
  • Strong spiky legs for digging

Physical Characteristics

These beetles have distinguishing attributes, such as:

  • Elytra: Hardened outer wings called elytra protect their delicate flying wings. Elytra exhibit metallic or iridescent colors.
  • Exoskeleton: A tough exoskeleton supports and protects their body.
  • Clubbed antennae: Christmas beetles have club-like antennae, which are sensitive to touch and smell.
  • Spiky legs: Their legs are strong, spiky, and designed for digging.

Here’s a comparison table showcasing the similarities and differences between Christmas beetles and other scarab beetles:

Feature Christmas Beetles Other Scarab Beetles
Elytra Metallic or iridescent colors Varies, usually less vibrant
Antennae Clubbed Clubbed
Legs Spiky and strong for digging Spiky and strong for digging
Seasonal Activity Primarily during Christmas season Year-round, varies by species

Christmas beetles showcase remarkable features and unique activity during the festive season, setting them apart from other scarab beetles while sharing similarities in their physical structure.

Anoplognathus Species

Anoplognathus Pallidicollis

Anoplognathus pallidicollis, also known as the Christmas Beetle, is a species commonly found in Australia. It belongs to the Scarabaeidae family and is known for its festive appearance.

  • Color: Pale brown or yellow.
  • Size: Ranges from 15mm to 20mm.
  • Habitat: Eucalyptus forests, feeding on the leaves.

Anoplognathus Viriditarsus

Anoplognathus viriditarsus is another species of Christmas Beetle, also native to Australia. This species is primarily found in New South Wales and Victoria areas, with some presence in Queensland and South Australia.

  • Color: Bright green or gold.
  • Size: Slightly smaller, averaging 15mm in length.
  • Habitat: Various habitats, including woodlands and urban areas.
Feature Anoplognathus Pallidicollis Anoplognathus Viriditarsus
Color Pale brown or yellow Bright green or gold
Average Size 15mm-20mm 15mm
Habitat Eucalyptus forests Woodlands and urban areas

Both species are part of the Anoplognathus genus, which includes around 35 recorded species. Christmas Beetles are typically nocturnal and attracted to lights, making them more noticeable during the holiday season. These beetles can cause minor damage to eucalyptus trees, but their populations are generally kept in check by natural predators.

Habitat and Distribution

Geographical Range

Christmas beetles are native to Australia, primarily found in regions such as Sydney, New South Wales, and eastern Australia. Their range spans across various parts of the country, but they are most commonly observed along the eastern coast.

Preferred Environment

These beetles prefer to live in:

  • Woodlands
  • Forests
  • Native woodland areas

Christmas beetles are often found in environments where Eucalyptus trees thrive, as these trees provide their primary food source. The beetles prefer to lay their eggs in soil beneath the trees, allowing their larvae to feed on the tree roots during development.

Key features of Christmas beetles’ preferred environment:

  • Abundance of Eucalyptus trees
  • Access to soil for egg-laying
  • Native woodland areas for shelter

Examples of habitats:

  • Sydney’s Centennial Park
  • Forests in New South Wales
  • Eucalypt woodlands in eastern Australia
Habitat Christmas Beetles Presence
Eucalyptus Trees High
Woodlands High
Urban Parks Moderate
Rainforests Low
Deserts Very Low

Remember, Christmas beetles are native to Australia and thrive in regions with Eucalyptus trees, woodlands, and native forest areas. Keep an eye out for these fascinating creatures during the holiday season!

Life Cycle and Behavior

Larvae

Christmas beetle larvae, also known as grubs, are typically found in soil where they feed on plant roots, particularly those of grasses. They are cream-colored and have a characteristic C-shaped body. Some features of the larvae include:

  • Cream-colored body
  • C-shaped posture
  • Feeding on plant roots

Adults

Once the grubs transform into adults, they emerge from the soil, generally around Christmas time in Australia. The adult beetles are known for their attractive, metallic colors which may vary between species. Adult Christmas beetles typically have the following characteristics:

  • Metallic-colored body
  • Active during the warm summer months
  • Attracted to lights at night

Feeding Habits

Christmas beetles have diverse feeding habits throughout their life cycle. Here are some examples:

  • Larvae: Feed on plant roots, especially grass roots
  • Adults: Mainly consume leaves, often targeting eucalyptus and other tree species

Reproduction and Development

The life cycle of the Christmas beetle begins with the female laying eggs in the soil. These eggs then hatch into larvae which will continue to feed on roots until they are ready to pupate. Some key points in their development are:

  • Eggs laid in the soil
  • Larval stage lasts several months
  • Pupation occurs in the soil before adult emergence
Stage Feeding Habits Characteristics
Larvae Plant roots (mainly grass) Cream-colored, C-shaped
Adults Tree leaves (e.g. eucalyptus) Metallic-colored, nocturnal

In summary, Christmas beetles experience various changes throughout their life cycle with feeding habits and appearances shifting between the larval and adult stages. Understanding their behavior is important for managing potential negative impacts on vegetation.

Colors and Variations

Christmas beetles come in an array of beautiful colors, with some common hues being golden brown, violet, and opal. These colors make them stand out during the holiday season.

  • Golden brown Christmas beetles have a warm and shiny appearance.
  • Violet Christmas beetles showcase a deep, rich hue with iridescent highlights.
  • Opal Christmas beetles possess a mesmerizing, multi-colored shimmer.

These color variations are not just for aesthetics; they can also play a role in the beetles’ habitat camouflage and mate selection.

Let’s make a comparison of these three vibrant color variations:

Color Appearance Purpose
Golden Brown Warm, shiny Camouflage, attract mates
Violet Rich, iridescent Camouflage, attract mates
Opal Multi-colored shimmer Camouflage, attract mates

In conclusion, the colors and variations of Christmas beetles make them a fascinating insect to observe and study during the holidays.

Christmas Beetles in Your Garden

Impact on Plants

Christmas beetles are known for causing damage to plants in gardens and yards. They are particularly fond of eucalyptus plants, but may also target other garden plants. The damage usually appears in the form of chewed leaves, with the insects consuming the soft, green parts and leaving the tougher veins behind.

These beetles can reduce the overall health and vigor of your plants, especially if a large infestation is present.

Prevention and Control Measures

There are various ways to manage Christmas beetles in your garden. Some effective methods include:

  • Regularly inspect plants: Early detection can prevent extensive damage. Always check your eucalyptus plants and other garden plants for signs of infestation.
  • Physical removal: Handpick beetles and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water, especially in the morning or evening when they are more sluggish.
  • Use netting: Protect your plants with fine netting or cheesecloth to prevent beetles from reaching the foliage.
  • Implement biological controls: Attract natural predators, such as birds and beneficial insects, by encouraging a diverse ecosystem in your garden.
  • Pesticides: As a last resort, consider using pesticides specifically designed for beetle control. Follow the label instructions and only apply when necessary to minimize harm to other insects and the environment.

By taking these preventive and control measures, you can minimize the impact of Christmas beetles on your garden plants and protect your yard from damage.

Conservation and Decline

Causes of Decline

The decline of the Christmas beetle population can be attributed to a few factors. One major cause is habitat loss due to urbanization and land clearing. Another factor is the loss of native grasses, as the larvae depend on them for sustenance.

Some contributing factors to their population decline include:

  • Urban development
  • Land clearing
  • Loss of native grasses
  • Pesticide use

Efforts to Preserve Biodiversity

To help conserve the Christmas beetle and ensure its biodiversity, various grassroots efforts are being undertaken. One approach is to promote the planting of native grasses that support the beetle’s life-cycle.

There are also conservation programs aimed at preserving biodiversity by implementing effective ecological practices. For instance, the Natural Resources Conservation Service provides guidance to landowners on adopting sustainable management practices that benefit local ecosystems.

Some methods to preserve Christmas beetle biodiversity include:

  • Planting native grasses
  • Reducing pesticide use
  • Implementing sustainable land management practices
  • Supporting conservation programs

Comparison Table

Factor Urban Environment Conservation Effort
Habitat Limited Preserved
Grasses Scarce Abundant
Pesticide Present Reduced
Biodiversity Decreased Enhanced

By implementing these measures, we can help support the Christmas beetle population and maintain the ecological balance in their habitats.

Interesting Facts and Cultural Significance

Festive Season Behaviour

Christmas Beetles, belonging to the Anoplognathus spp family, are native to Australia and emerge during the festive season. Their presence often coincides with:

  • Thunderstorms
  • Warm weather
  • Increased plant growth

These red or golden-brown beetles are known for their feeding frenzy during this period, gnawing on eucalyptus leaves.

Comparison with Stag Beetles

Christmas beetles and stag beetles share some similarities, but they also have notable differences. To distinguish between them, here is a comparison table:

Feature Christmas Beetle Stag Beetle
Scientific name Anoplognathus spp Lucanus cervus
Family Scarabaeidae Lucanidae
Region Australia Europe, Asia, North America
Color Red or golden-brown Dark brown to black
Size 15-30 mm 24-75 mm (male)
Adults’ active period December-January (festive season) Spring-Summer
Diet Eucalyptus leaves Tree sap, decaying wood

While Christmas beetles can be considered pests due to their passion for eucalyptus leaves, stag beetles generally don’t cause significant harm to plants. On the other hand, stag beetles have a unique feature in males: elongated, forked mandibles which resemble stags’ antlers, while Christmas beetles have more typical rounded mandibles.

In summary, the key points about Christmas beetles are:

  • Native to Australia
  • Associated with festive season and thunderstorms
  • Red or golden-brown color
  • Feeding frenzy on eucalyptus leaves

And the key points about stag beetles include:

  • Found in Europe, Asia, and North America
  • Dark brown to black color
  • Males have elongated, forked mandibles
  • Generally not harmful to plants

Reader Emails

Over the years, our website, whatsthatbug.com has received hundreds of letters and some interesting images asking us about these insects. Scroll down to have a look at some of them.

Letter 1 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

two beetles? one fly?
January 24, 2010
1.blue beetle in botanic garden Canberra
2.golden beetle Burramine, Murray Valley Hwy vic. on the ground
3. fly Woodend vic in a garden
elise
victoria Nsw

Christmas Beetle

Hi Elise,
We only like to post one species per letter to keep our archives from being too confusing.  Your golden beetle is a Christmas Beetle in the genus Anoplognathus.  They get their common name because they arrive like clockwork each year around Christmas in Australia.  Csiro has a nice web page with information.  Your blue beetle is some species of Leaf Beetle and the fly is a Robber Fly.

Hi Daniel,
Thank you for your quick answer. I just spent a few weeks in Australia and now I am back in the snow in the Netherlands.
Since eveything, every flower, every animal is different from here I have a lot of “research” to do.
I had a book for trees, for flowers, for animals. for birds, but not for insects.
Is there a website that can help me find out by myself what the creatures on my photos are?
Being totally ignorant in australian buglife I probably saw only the very very common insects.
If I have more questions I’ll send them one by one.
Elise

Letter 2 – Australian Beetle sculpture needs taxonomic name

 

November 18, 2010
Ed Note: WTB? has maintained a confidentiality agreement regarding this sculpture, but we are now pleased to post the images and the name suggestion request.

Hi Daniel,
You may recall the conversation that we had below.
I have finally finished the sculpture and, since the show opens on Tuesday, I am free to share images with you.
I would be delighted if you were to suggest a proper name (see original request below).
Here is a link to a splash page for the piece.
www.deancolls.com
I have attached some images at the bottom of the page.
Warm regards
Dean Colls
Melbourne

Alexander the Great Sculpture by Dean Collis

Help needed in naming new species
January 20, 2010
Dear What’s That Bug,
Firstly I would like to thank you for your most excellent site.
Your humour and obvious love of our invertebrate cousins make your site one of my favourites.
I too am a great lover of invertebrates and have never understood the “Eeew a bug!” mentality.
I am a professional sculptor and amateur coleopterist based in Melbourne Australia and I’m working on a new piece for a major exhibition that I would like some assistance with.
Yes, I have hooked you in with a false promise in the subject line, I am really asking for help in naming a sculpture.
My sculpture is a 7.4 meter long beetle, closely related to the Australian Christmas beetle but not intended to be an existing species, more a newly discovered specimen that (apart from it’s enormous size) could easily be placed among it’s close relatives.
My working title for the sculpture is ‘Alexander the Great’ and references the song ‘Alexander Beetle’.
What I am hoping that you will do for me is to help me come up with a pseudo-scientific name that fits logically within the taxonomic lexicon and is also suitable for the art world and general public.
Here is a brief version of my concept for the sculpture –
“Human beings, as a group, have a particularly self centred view of the world. Whilst it cannot be denied that we cast a long shadow, there are other inhabitants that are far more important to the day to day running of the biosphere than Humanity.
It has been suggested that if we were to disappear tomorrow, life on Earth would continue with barely a shrug, but if the insects were to disappear, most terrestrial species would be extinct within a few of years.
In terms of population size and biomass we are dwarfed by other inhabitants; one in five terrestrial species is a beetle, they make up a greater portion of biomass than we do and yet, as adults we rarely stoop to notice our diminutive neighbours.
My sculpture “Alexander the Great” stands as an Avatar for this unnoticed but essential world and as a champion for that sense of wonder and exploration that many of us leave behind as children.
The piece will be 7.2m long, 2 m high and 5.3m wide, with its imposing scale I am jolting the viewer into a new experience, shifting the centre of the universe away from the human perspective and reclaiming the significance of the unseen world around us.
I have chosen the medium of rusted Corten steel to transcend our idea of beetles as “natures jewels”, to strip away the gloss and show the beauty of the form that lies beneath. It is a medium that sits well in the Australian landscape and adds a sense of age and gravitas to the piece.
“Alexander the Great” is to be the first work in a series exploring the difference between our self perceived importance to the biosphere and the reality; and how this relates to our understanding of the true impact and significance of other species.
I am excited by the collaborations that I have formed with scientists and researchers that have been an important part of the preparation for this body of work.
I have always been fascinated by the places where Art and Science meet: the intellectual and aesthetic beauty of field notes and illustrations from the age of discovery by such men as Banks and Darwin, the dance of engineering, aesthetics and psychology that is architecture, the majestic beauty of modern astronomical photography and much more besides. This pairing of Science’s power of discovery and Art’s ability to enlighten and transcend is our greatest means for understanding the world around us and our place within it.”
I am not prepared to have my work released before the show opens and would be grateful if you could keep any details of this project out of the public eye.
I will be happy to share images with you but first need you to agree that you will keep them confidential (tiresome, I know but necessary).
I will, however, be delighted if you were interested in posting the finished work at the appropriate time. Not fishing, just offering.
Please let me know if you are prepared to keep this project confidential and I will be happy to send you images of the design, maquette and work to date.
I understand that you are very busy and would be grateful for whatever you are prepared to offer.
Warm Regards
Dean Colls
Melbourne

The making of Alexander the Great

Hi Dean,
We remember your request and we are very happy you finished the piece and that we are finally able to post your letter and request.  We will make this a feature and hopefully you will get some suggestions from our readership, many of whom are experts in beetles.  We agree that Alexander the Great looks to be related to the Christmas Beetles.

Alexander the Great's eye and antenna

mardikavana requested a dorsal view, and this is the only dorsal view Dean sent, of the eye and antenna.

Hi Daniel,
I have not managed to get a decent dorsal view of Alexander the Great but I do have one of the maquette.
This is the cardboard model that I produced first to refine my patterns before cutting the full scale sculpture out in steel.
I have painted the maquette to resemble rusted steel.
Hope that this helps.
The full sized work is made of a number of different pieces that needed to be bolted together from the inside.
The scutellum acts as the exit hatch.
Regards
Dean

Maquette of Alexander the Great

Hi Daniel et al
The official opening of the exhibition was yesterday and Alexander was very well received.
I have an artist’s talk to give tomorrow at the gallery and I am very pleased that I can now answer the question “what kind of bug is that?”.
Thank you all for your assistance, Plusiotis australiensis is a lovely name.
Warm Regards
Dean Colls
Melbourne

Letter 3 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

Subject: I believe this may be a Giant Christmas Beetle?
Location: Cheltenham, Melbourne, Australia.
February 2, 2017 5:55 pm
G’day BUGMAN!!
Here is my photo of what I now believe is a Giant Christmas Beetle, as per our previous discussion & my wrongly identifying him as a Goldsmith Beetle.
For anyone else who maybe reading, this little guy (although quite big really) was buzzing around the car wash while I was washing my car on Nov 28 2016. He landed in a huge pile of suds in the corner of my wash bay. As I was rinsing my car at the time, I thought it might be a good idea to put the nozzle on as gentle as possible & wash some suds away & rinse him off. He wasn’t looking too good after his Sud pile dive, so I gently picked him up & moved him to a safe place & dry land 🙂 I would’ve taken him home to keep an eye on him, but I thought he’d been through enough stress for one night & freedom was probably more comforting than being carried around & stuck in a box. Plus I wasn’t sure what they eat.
Thank you for the link of where to post him for you Bugman & thank you for being BUGMAN!!
Have a fabulous day!
Signature: Kindest regards, manda.

Christmas Beetle

Dear Manda,
Thanks so much for sending in your image of a Christmas Beetle in the genus
Anoplognathus.  According to the Australian Museum:  “There are 36 species in the genus with all but one unique (endemic) to Australia and 21 species found in New South Wales. At least 10 species occur in the Sydney region – more if the Blue Mountains are included. Because they are such a feature of the eastern Australian experience some common species have been given English names, such as the Washerwoman, Anoplognathus porosus, and (rarer) King Beetle, Anoplognathus viridiaeneus (see photos, right). Distinguishing some species can be tricky, but it helps to examine the hairs on their ‘bums’ (posterior). (This is something of an in-joke among entomologists but it actually works for this group!)”  Based on the images included on the Australian Museum Christmas Beetle Project page, the markings on the elytra of your individual look most like theWasherwoman.

Letter 4 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

Orange Asturalian scarab
October 17, 2009
I have seen these beetles often when camping in Cobram, Victoria, Australia.
it didn’t move for at least an hour, i never actually saw it moving other than noticing that it had moved when i was gone. this happened a few times before it disappeared. It has a colour changing sheen (mainly blue and green) depending on the angle you look at it. The beetle itself is orange.
Matt Molloy
Victoria Australia

Christmas Beetle
Christmas Beetle

Hi Matt,
This is one of the Scarab Beetles known as Christmas Beetles in Australia because of their seasonal appearance.  It appears as though it is either Anoplognathus parvulus or a closely related species.

Letter 5 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

Christmas Beetle
October 19, 2009
I found a group of christmas beetles in my garden and i want to feed them but i don’t know what! I tried feeding them leaves but they didn’t like them, what should i feed them?
Karmen xo
South Coast, Corrimal

Christmas Beetle
Christmas Beetle

Dear Karmen xo,
Christmas Beetles are Scarab Beetles in the genus Anoplognathus as well as some other closely related genera.  They are considered to be leaf or flower chafers.
A Christmas Beetle website we located indicates “Christmas beetles are voracious eaters and are capable of attacking a wide range of eucalypts and other tree species” and “Christmas beetles often show a preference for particular species, even individual trees within a species. If you found the beetles on a particular plant, you should try feeding them from the leaves of that plant.

Reader Emails

Over the years, our website, whatsthatbug.com has received hundreds of letters and some interesting images asking us about these insects. Scroll down to have a look at some of them.

Letter 1 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

two beetles? one fly?
January 24, 2010
1.blue beetle in botanic garden Canberra
2.golden beetle Burramine, Murray Valley Hwy vic. on the ground
3. fly Woodend vic in a garden
elise
victoria Nsw

Christmas Beetle

Hi Elise,
We only like to post one species per letter to keep our archives from being too confusing.  Your golden beetle is a Christmas Beetle in the genus Anoplognathus.  They get their common name because they arrive like clockwork each year around Christmas in Australia.  Csiro has a nice web page with information.  Your blue beetle is some species of Leaf Beetle and the fly is a Robber Fly.

Hi Daniel,
Thank you for your quick answer. I just spent a few weeks in Australia and now I am back in the snow in the Netherlands.
Since eveything, every flower, every animal is different from here I have a lot of “research” to do.
I had a book for trees, for flowers, for animals. for birds, but not for insects.
Is there a website that can help me find out by myself what the creatures on my photos are?
Being totally ignorant in australian buglife I probably saw only the very very common insects.
If I have more questions I’ll send them one by one.
Elise

Letter 2 – Australian Beetle sculpture needs taxonomic name

 

November 18, 2010
Ed Note: WTB? has maintained a confidentiality agreement regarding this sculpture, but we are now pleased to post the images and the name suggestion request.

Hi Daniel,
You may recall the conversation that we had below.
I have finally finished the sculpture and, since the show opens on Tuesday, I am free to share images with you.
I would be delighted if you were to suggest a proper name (see original request below).
Here is a link to a splash page for the piece.
www.deancolls.com
I have attached some images at the bottom of the page.
Warm regards
Dean Colls
Melbourne

Alexander the Great Sculpture by Dean Collis

Help needed in naming new species
January 20, 2010
Dear What’s That Bug,
Firstly I would like to thank you for your most excellent site.
Your humour and obvious love of our invertebrate cousins make your site one of my favourites.
I too am a great lover of invertebrates and have never understood the “Eeew a bug!” mentality.
I am a professional sculptor and amateur coleopterist based in Melbourne Australia and I’m working on a new piece for a major exhibition that I would like some assistance with.
Yes, I have hooked you in with a false promise in the subject line, I am really asking for help in naming a sculpture.
My sculpture is a 7.4 meter long beetle, closely related to the Australian Christmas beetle but not intended to be an existing species, more a newly discovered specimen that (apart from it’s enormous size) could easily be placed among it’s close relatives.
My working title for the sculpture is ‘Alexander the Great’ and references the song ‘Alexander Beetle’.
What I am hoping that you will do for me is to help me come up with a pseudo-scientific name that fits logically within the taxonomic lexicon and is also suitable for the art world and general public.
Here is a brief version of my concept for the sculpture –
“Human beings, as a group, have a particularly self centred view of the world. Whilst it cannot be denied that we cast a long shadow, there are other inhabitants that are far more important to the day to day running of the biosphere than Humanity.
It has been suggested that if we were to disappear tomorrow, life on Earth would continue with barely a shrug, but if the insects were to disappear, most terrestrial species would be extinct within a few of years.
In terms of population size and biomass we are dwarfed by other inhabitants; one in five terrestrial species is a beetle, they make up a greater portion of biomass than we do and yet, as adults we rarely stoop to notice our diminutive neighbours.
My sculpture “Alexander the Great” stands as an Avatar for this unnoticed but essential world and as a champion for that sense of wonder and exploration that many of us leave behind as children.
The piece will be 7.2m long, 2 m high and 5.3m wide, with its imposing scale I am jolting the viewer into a new experience, shifting the centre of the universe away from the human perspective and reclaiming the significance of the unseen world around us.
I have chosen the medium of rusted Corten steel to transcend our idea of beetles as “natures jewels”, to strip away the gloss and show the beauty of the form that lies beneath. It is a medium that sits well in the Australian landscape and adds a sense of age and gravitas to the piece.
“Alexander the Great” is to be the first work in a series exploring the difference between our self perceived importance to the biosphere and the reality; and how this relates to our understanding of the true impact and significance of other species.
I am excited by the collaborations that I have formed with scientists and researchers that have been an important part of the preparation for this body of work.
I have always been fascinated by the places where Art and Science meet: the intellectual and aesthetic beauty of field notes and illustrations from the age of discovery by such men as Banks and Darwin, the dance of engineering, aesthetics and psychology that is architecture, the majestic beauty of modern astronomical photography and much more besides. This pairing of Science’s power of discovery and Art’s ability to enlighten and transcend is our greatest means for understanding the world around us and our place within it.”
I am not prepared to have my work released before the show opens and would be grateful if you could keep any details of this project out of the public eye.
I will be happy to share images with you but first need you to agree that you will keep them confidential (tiresome, I know but necessary).
I will, however, be delighted if you were interested in posting the finished work at the appropriate time. Not fishing, just offering.
Please let me know if you are prepared to keep this project confidential and I will be happy to send you images of the design, maquette and work to date.
I understand that you are very busy and would be grateful for whatever you are prepared to offer.
Warm Regards
Dean Colls
Melbourne

The making of Alexander the Great

Hi Dean,
We remember your request and we are very happy you finished the piece and that we are finally able to post your letter and request.  We will make this a feature and hopefully you will get some suggestions from our readership, many of whom are experts in beetles.  We agree that Alexander the Great looks to be related to the Christmas Beetles.

Alexander the Great's eye and antenna

mardikavana requested a dorsal view, and this is the only dorsal view Dean sent, of the eye and antenna.

Hi Daniel,
I have not managed to get a decent dorsal view of Alexander the Great but I do have one of the maquette.
This is the cardboard model that I produced first to refine my patterns before cutting the full scale sculpture out in steel.
I have painted the maquette to resemble rusted steel.
Hope that this helps.
The full sized work is made of a number of different pieces that needed to be bolted together from the inside.
The scutellum acts as the exit hatch.
Regards
Dean

Maquette of Alexander the Great

Hi Daniel et al
The official opening of the exhibition was yesterday and Alexander was very well received.
I have an artist’s talk to give tomorrow at the gallery and I am very pleased that I can now answer the question “what kind of bug is that?”.
Thank you all for your assistance, Plusiotis australiensis is a lovely name.
Warm Regards
Dean Colls
Melbourne

Letter 3 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

Subject: I believe this may be a Giant Christmas Beetle?
Location: Cheltenham, Melbourne, Australia.
February 2, 2017 5:55 pm
G’day BUGMAN!!
Here is my photo of what I now believe is a Giant Christmas Beetle, as per our previous discussion & my wrongly identifying him as a Goldsmith Beetle.
For anyone else who maybe reading, this little guy (although quite big really) was buzzing around the car wash while I was washing my car on Nov 28 2016. He landed in a huge pile of suds in the corner of my wash bay. As I was rinsing my car at the time, I thought it might be a good idea to put the nozzle on as gentle as possible & wash some suds away & rinse him off. He wasn’t looking too good after his Sud pile dive, so I gently picked him up & moved him to a safe place & dry land 🙂 I would’ve taken him home to keep an eye on him, but I thought he’d been through enough stress for one night & freedom was probably more comforting than being carried around & stuck in a box. Plus I wasn’t sure what they eat.
Thank you for the link of where to post him for you Bugman & thank you for being BUGMAN!!
Have a fabulous day!
Signature: Kindest regards, manda.

Christmas Beetle

Dear Manda,
Thanks so much for sending in your image of a Christmas Beetle in the genus
Anoplognathus.  According to the Australian Museum:  “There are 36 species in the genus with all but one unique (endemic) to Australia and 21 species found in New South Wales. At least 10 species occur in the Sydney region – more if the Blue Mountains are included. Because they are such a feature of the eastern Australian experience some common species have been given English names, such as the Washerwoman, Anoplognathus porosus, and (rarer) King Beetle, Anoplognathus viridiaeneus (see photos, right). Distinguishing some species can be tricky, but it helps to examine the hairs on their ‘bums’ (posterior). (This is something of an in-joke among entomologists but it actually works for this group!)”  Based on the images included on the Australian Museum Christmas Beetle Project page, the markings on the elytra of your individual look most like theWasherwoman.

Letter 4 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

Orange Asturalian scarab
October 17, 2009
I have seen these beetles often when camping in Cobram, Victoria, Australia.
it didn’t move for at least an hour, i never actually saw it moving other than noticing that it had moved when i was gone. this happened a few times before it disappeared. It has a colour changing sheen (mainly blue and green) depending on the angle you look at it. The beetle itself is orange.
Matt Molloy
Victoria Australia

Christmas Beetle
Christmas Beetle

Hi Matt,
This is one of the Scarab Beetles known as Christmas Beetles in Australia because of their seasonal appearance.  It appears as though it is either Anoplognathus parvulus or a closely related species.

Letter 5 – Christmas Beetle from Australia

 

Christmas Beetle
October 19, 2009
I found a group of christmas beetles in my garden and i want to feed them but i don’t know what! I tried feeding them leaves but they didn’t like them, what should i feed them?
Karmen xo
South Coast, Corrimal

Christmas Beetle
Christmas Beetle

Dear Karmen xo,
Christmas Beetles are Scarab Beetles in the genus Anoplognathus as well as some other closely related genera.  They are considered to be leaf or flower chafers.
A Christmas Beetle website we located indicates “Christmas beetles are voracious eaters and are capable of attacking a wide range of eucalypts and other tree species” and “Christmas beetles often show a preference for particular species, even individual trees within a species. If you found the beetles on a particular plant, you should try feeding them from the leaves of that plant.

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  • Bugman

    Bugman aka Daniel Marlos has been identifying bugs since 1999. whatsthatbug.com is his passion project and it has helped millions of readers identify the bug that has been bugging them for over two decades. You can reach out to him through our Contact Page.

  • Piyushi Dhir

    Piyushi is a nature lover, blogger and traveler at heart. She lives in beautiful Canada with her family. Piyushi is an animal lover and loves to write about all creatures.

4 thoughts on “Christmas Beetle: All You Need to Know in a Nutshell”

  1. It is very easy to give a name to it now because i can see the dorsal view. When I watched the picture the first time only one taxon came to my mind- subfamily rutelinae. So I would name this little beetle Australian Jewel Scarab, Plusiotis australiensis.(Christmas beetles should be in the same subfamily). Also let say that Plusiotis australiensis is endemic and very rare species:)

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