Tree Cricket Life Cycle: Discovering Nature’s Melodic Insects

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Tree crickets are fascinating insects that many people may not know much about. They belong to the family Gryllidae and can often be found in trees or on flowers 1. These delicate creatures are not only interesting to observe but also play a significant role in their ecosystems.

To better understand tree crickets, let’s delve into their life cycle. From egg to adult, these insects go through remarkable transformations, allowing them to adapt and thrive in their environments. As you read on, you’ll discover the intricacies of their development and how they contribute to the natural world around them.

Understanding Tree Crickets

Tree crickets belong to the subfamily Gryllidae and are often found in trees, bushes, and tall herbaceous plants. These delicate, pale green insects can be difficult to spot as they blend in with their surroundings, showcasing their impressive camouflage abilities1.

However, you might be more familiar with their distinct singing, which they produce by rubbing their wings together2. These captivating songs contribute to the beautiful nighttime chorus heard during warm summer months. Interestingly, some species of tree crickets help you in your garden by feeding on aphids, scale insects, and other soft-bodied pests3.

There are different genera of tree crickets within the family Gryllidae, each with its own unique characteristics. These insects belong to the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets, katydids, and grasshoppers4. When observing tree crickets, keep in mind some of their key features:

  • Pale green coloration that assists in camouflage
  • Delicate, slim body structure
  • Preference for residing in trees, bushes, and tall plants
  • Distinctive, melodic singing

Overall, tree crickets are fascinating and beneficial insects with unique features and behaviors. As the world of Orthoptera is vast and diverse, these winged creatures stand out as a captivating example of the beauty and complexity of the insect community.

Habitat of Tree Crickets

Tree crickets, also known as pale bush crickets, thrive in a variety of habitats. They prefer living in trees, bushes, and tall herbaceous plants a foot or more above the ground. You’ll often find them camouflaged due to their delicate, pale green appearance, making them difficult to spot.

In these habitats, tree crickets feed mainly on plants, taking advantage of their foliage for both food and shelter. Interestingly, they are also commonly found on flowers, making them a part of the pollination process.

As for their physical features, these insects have long antennae and a slim, delicate body. Their lime-green coloration effectively helps them blend in with their surroundings.

To summarize, tree crickets inhabit:

  • Trees
  • Shrubs
  • Tall herbaceous plants
  • Flowers

The next time you walk through a lush, green area, take a moment to appreciate the hidden world of tree crickets – who knows, you might just be able to find one, thanks to your knowledge of their habitat and appearance.

Origins and Taxonomy

Belonging to the family Gryllidae and subfamily Oecanthinae, tree crickets are fascinating creatures within the kingdom Animalia. They’re classified under the phylum Arthropoda, subphylum Hexapoda, and class Insecta. Within the order Orthoptera, they fall under the infraorder Gryllidea.

The genus Oecanthus is one of the most well-known tree cricket genera. Tree crickets exhibit various features and characteristics, making them unique. Here’s a list of some distinctive traits:

  • Delicate body with pale green or whitish colors
  • Long antennae
  • Wings used for creating chirping sounds

To help you better understand the taxonomy of tree crickets, let’s compare them to other similar insects:

Feature Tree Cricket (Oecanthus) Other Cricket (Gryllus)
Size Generally smaller Usually larger
Chirping Higher-pitched Lower-pitched
Habitat Trees and shrubs On the ground
Antennae Very long Relatively shorter

So, the next time you come across tree crickets, you can appreciate their unique place in the taxonomy within the animal kingdom and observe the distinguishing features that set them apart. Enjoy your newfound knowledge of these captivating creatures!

Life Cycle of Tree Crickets

The life cycle of tree crickets consists of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. In the fall, female tree crickets lay eggs in twigs and stems of trees that are 2-4 years old. These eggs remain dormant throughout the winter.

In the spring, the eggs hatch into nymphs. Tree cricket nymphs go through a process called simple metamorphosis, meaning they resemble miniature versions of their adult counterparts but without wings. As the nymphs grow, they undergo several molts or instar stages, shedding their old exoskeleton to make way for new growth.

Some characteristics of tree cricket nymphs are:

  • Wingless
  • Proportionately smaller antennae
  • Pale green or whitish body color

Adult tree crickets are marked by the development of wings and a more vibrant green or whitish color. Their slender bodies and long antennae help them blend in with their surroundings. Tree crickets belong to the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets, grasshoppers, and katydids.

During their adult stage, tree crickets are known for their distinct songs created by rubbing their wings together. These songs can contribute to the nightly chorus during the summer months. Besides providing beautiful sounds, tree crickets also help in the garden by feeding on aphids, scale insects, and other soft-bodied pests.

Typically, tree crickets complete their life cycle within one generation per year. This enables them to maintain a balance in their ecosystem and keep the populations of their prey in check.

Physical Attributes and Identification

Tree crickets belong to the family Gryllidae, and they are often found among trees, bushes, and flowers. Their physical features make them interesting and appealing creatures to study.

As adults, tree crickets are of moderate size, typically measuring around 1 inch in length. They are winged insects, which allows them to navigate their habitats effectively. The coloration of these intriguing creatures varies between species, with some displaying a lime-green hue while others may appear more yellowish. A subfamily of tree crickets called Oecanthinae possesses distinct identifying features that include wings that are relatively longer and narrower compared to their body size.

You will find that nymphs, or the immature stage of tree crickets, are similar in appearance to adult tree crickets. However, they are smaller in size and often lack fully developed wings. As they grow, nymphs molt and develop additional wing buds, which eventually become functional wings.

Here is a quick comparison of tree cricket features for easy reference:

  • Adults: About 1 inch in length, winged, varying coloration (e.g., lime-green or yellow)
  • Nymphs: Smaller than adults, underdeveloped or no wings, similar coloration

In conclusion, identifying tree crickets can be made easier by observing their physical attributes, such as size, color, and wing features. As you explore the fascinating world of tree crickets, you can appreciate the unique characteristics that make them a captivating subject of study.

Behavioural Characteristics

Tree crickets are fascinating creatures with unique behavioral characteristics. Their songs play a major role in their daily life, particularly during the night. As nocturnal insects, tree crickets are most active during the dark hours, and this is when you’ll hear their melodic tunes.

Song and communication
The song of a tree cricket is more than just a pleasant sound. It serves as their primary mode of communication, especially for courtship. The calling song is the male’s way of attracting a female in the vicinity. This singing behavior is especially prevalent in nocturnal species, such as the snowy tree cricket, which is known for its distinct and rhythmic song.

The songs of tree crickets can vary in tone and pitch, allowing each species to have its unique tunes. The differences in songs help tree crickets to identify and attract potential mates from the same species, ensuring successful reproduction.

Courtship behavior
When a female tree cricket is enticed by a male’s calling song, she will approach the singer. The male then switches to a softer, more intimate courtship song and performs a behavioral display that may involve wing fluttering and body vibrations. During this courtship process, the male and female tree crickets come closer, ultimately leading to mating.

While the nighttime songs and behavior of tree crickets might be the most noticeable aspect of their behavior, it’s important to remember that they remain active and engaged in their environment throughout their life cycle. Whether they’re searching for food or finding shelter, tree crickets exhibit a range of adaptive behaviors that aid in their survival and reproduction.

Here’s a simple comparison of some common tree cricket behavioral characteristics:

Characteristic Description
Communication Primarily through songs, especially during nighttime
Courtship Males attract females with calling songs, then switch to intimate courtship songs
Activity Nocturnal – most active during the night
Singing behavior Often unique to each species, aiding in identification and mate selection

Adaptation Mechanisms

Tree crickets, like other creatures, have developed remarkable adaptation mechanisms to help them survive in their natural environment.

One of their most effective adaptations is camouflage. Tree crickets are usually green or light brown, making it easier for them to blend into their surroundings, which are mostly leaves and stems. This allows them to hide from predators and also sneak up on their food source.

Speaking of food, tree crickets prefer feeding on various insects, such as aphids and caterpillars. Since these insects are most active during the evening, tree crickets have evolved to be nocturnal creatures. This helps them maximize their feeding opportunities while also avoiding exposure to daytime predators like birds.

Another important aspect of tree cricket survival is their ability to adapt to different potential threats. Some examples of tree cricket predators are:

  • Birds
  • Spiders
  • Praying mantises

To avoid these dangers, tree crickets have developed different strategies. They’re highly sensitive to vibrations, allowing them to detect approaching predators and react quickly.

In summary, tree crickets employ various adaptation mechanisms like camouflage, nocturnal behavior, and sensitivity to vibrations to help them survive and thrive in their environment.

Role in Ecosystem

Tree crickets play an essential role in maintaining the balance of your ecosystem. They contribute to the stability by providing unique functions such as food sources and pest control. Let’s explore their role in further detail.

As an arthropod in the Insecta class, tree crickets serve as a vital food source for various predators, including spiders and grasshoppers. By providing sustenance, they help sustain the food chain, enabling species survival in their respective habitats.

Some important tree cricket food sources include:

  • Plant parts
  • Aphids
  • Fungi
  • Pollen

Not only are tree crickets a meal for several predators, but they’re also beneficial for keeping pesky insects under control. With a taste for aphids – known pests in many gardens – tree crickets help manage their populations, thereby protecting plants from damage.

Here’s a comparison of tree crickets to other Hexapoda pests:

Features Tree Crickets Other Hexapoda Pests
Food source for predators Yes Yes
Pest control Yes No
Beneficial to plants Yes No

By maintaining a balance as both predator and prey, tree crickets play a valuable role in your ecosystem. Their dual-function of providing sustenance and keeping pest populations under control helps create harmonious environments for everyone.

Remember to appreciate these small insects as they continue to play a significant part in maintaining healthy ecosystems.

Interesting Facts

Did you know that the tree cricket, specifically the species Neoxabea bipunctata, can be found on various parts of plants? They usually reside on branches, twigs, and stems. These crickets are quite fascinating, and there are a few interesting facts about their life cycle:

  • Tree crickets start their lives as eggs, which are laid by the female inside plant tissues.

  • The nymphs hatch after a few weeks, and they start to explore their surroundings, feeding on plant matter.

Here’s a comparison table that highlights some of the key aspects of Neoxabea bipunctata and other tree cricket species:

Feature Neoxabea bipunctata Other tree crickets
Color Light green Light green, whitish
Habitat Branches, twigs, stems Trees, shrubs
Diet Plant matter Plant matter, insects

These fascinating details about tree crickets like Neoxabea bipunctata living on branches, twigs, and stems can make anyone appreciate the intricate and unique life cycles of these little creatures. Enjoy observing and learning about them in your own backyard!

References and External Links

Here are some useful resources that can help you learn more about the tree cricket life cycle:

  • For a comprehensive overview of tree crickets, check out this informative article covering their life cycle, habitat, and behavior.
  • If you’re interested in a research study on tree cricket life stages, you can read this academic paper for detailed insights.

When it comes to understanding tree cricket characteristics and features, these resources offer helpful information:

  • This tree cricket guidebook provides illustrated examples of tree cricket nymphs and adults, as well as tips for identifying them.
  • For a visual representation of tree cricket life stages, you can refer to this educational video, which explains their life cycle in an easy-to-understand manner.

If you’d like to dive deeper into tree cricket research, take a look at these sources:

  • The Entomological Society offers a wealth of information on various cricket species, including tree crickets. Feel free to browse their articles and get in touch with their experts for more knowledge.
  • You can also visit the Cricket Conservation Group’s website to learn about efforts to protect and study tree crickets and their habitats.

Should you have any questions or require further assistance regarding tree cricket life cycles, don’t hesitate to contact an entomologist who specializes in cricket research. They’ll be more than happy to lend their expertise and help you enhance your understanding of these fascinating insects.


  1. Missouri Department of Conservation

  2. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Field Station

  3. Michigan State University Extension

  4. University of Minnesota Extension

Reader Emails

Over the years, our website, has received hundreds of letters and some interesting images asking us about these insects. Scroll down to have a look at some of them.

Letter 1 – Snow Tree Cricket


Subject: Help…
Location: NC
September 25, 2015 12:58 am
Me and a few coworkers saw this bug at work yesterday and I thought it was a baby mantis but coworkers think differently. It jumps and also has wings that you can see in photo. Thanks for your help.
Signature: A Puzzled Working Woman

Snowy Tree Cricket
Snowy Tree Cricket

Dear Puzzled Working Woman,
We believe your Tree Cricket is a Snowy Tree Cricket, a species sometimes called a Thermometer Cricket because it can be used in lieu of a thermometer to determine the temperature.  Like many other Orthopterans, the Snowy Tree Cricket uses sound to attract a mate, and according to Charles Hogue in his wonderful
book Insects of the Los Angeles Basin, one can determine the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit:  “if one counts the number of chirps in 13 seconds and adds 40.”

Letter 2 – Snowy Tree Cricket


Insect ID
I would appreciate it if you could help me Identify this Insect. It was found on Oct 1, 2006 in the grass near a saline pond in the Columbia Valley near Invermere British Columbia. It made a noise with its wings spread.
Larry Halverson

Hi Larry,
The Snowy Tree Cricket is sometimes called the Thermometer Cricket because one can tell the temperature based on the speed of its chirps.

Letter 3 – Snowy Tree Cricket


Better tree cricket pic
First of all, love the site! A beautiful bug hopped up on me during lunch today (I go to Wesleyan University in Middletown, CT) and I didn’t even have to navigate past the front page to find out it was a tree cricket. However I noticed that the picture was extremely blurry and pixelated, so I thought I’d send you one that I took today. Check out those antennae!
Xue Sun

Hi Xue Sun,
We don’t want to be put in a position to choose favorites in the Tree Cricket photo arena. We can say that your specimen looks like a Snowy Tree Cricket, the Thermometer Cricket, because, according to Charles Hogue, you can determine “the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit if one counts the number of chirps in 13 seconds and adds 40.”

Letter 4 – Snowy Tree Cricket


Whats this????
It’s raining outside and we seem to have a green critter with clear wings that has decided to join us and stay warm. We first thought it was a western tree frog because it makes a chirping sound. We then thought it was a grasshopper. It makes beautiful sound. It looks like a green-winged termite. Can you tell us what this is?
Michelle and Rob,
Santa Rosa CA

Hi Michelle and Rob,
What a wonderful photo of a Snowy Tree Cricket, Oecanthus fultone. According to Hogue, these are also called Thermometer Crickets because their song “indicates the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit if one counts the number of chirps in 13 seconds and adds 40.”

Letter 5 – Snowy Tree Cricket


Subject: hmmm? never seen this one before
Location: Southern Oregon
August 7, 2015 11:59 am
Okay–so I am going to feel like an idiot if this is just a currently wingless ‘cat escapee ‘grasshopper, but I found this creature in my kitchen this morning. I have released him back into the great outdoors via a gentle scooping into a cup. He has what appears to be stingers at his backend, but maybe they serve some other purpose. He also looks somewhat transparent. He hops great. At first I thought maybe a camel cricket, but he doesn’t really look like one to me and we are in Oregon and I am not so sure they are common here. He is a beautiful wheat color and he would have blended into the dry pasture great, but not so much on my whiteboard where I found him this morning. We are currently experiencing a pretty sizeable forest fire just a few miles from our house. Could he be something that was flushed out of the forest on account of the fires? I have never seen a bug like this here and I have been in this area for 24 years.
Signature: Catherine

Snowy Tree Cricket
Snowy Tree Cricket

Dear Catherine,
This is one of the Tree Crickets, probably a Snowy Tree Cricket or Thermometer Cricket, and you can compare your image to this image on BugGuide.

Thank you so much!! I read up on it and will allow the eggs to hatch for next year!

Letter 6 – Snowy Tree Cricket


Subject: Not sure what I’m seeing
Location: Atlanta, GA
October 28, 2015 8:55 am
About four days ago I started seeing lots of very tiny bugs crawling on the cushions of my outdoor furniture. I have been trying to brush them away, but they keep reappearing. I have also seen a bug that looks to be a larger/grown version of the tiny bug.
Is the small bug and large big the same thing? Please help me identify this bug. Thank you!
Signature: Eric b

Snowy Tree Cricket
Snowy Tree Cricket

Dear Eric,
Your images of the smaller insect are quite blurry and there is not enough detail to be certain, but they might be Aphids.  They are not the same as the larger insect which is a Snowy Tree Cricket or Thermometer Cricket, a species that can be used to tell the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit by counting the chirps it emits and plugging the number into a simple formula.

Letter 7 – Snowy Tree Cricket singing


I thought this might be a cricket-it certainly sounds like one. It was on the wall outside the bathroom door. The wings are so fantastic & I couldn’t find any photos quite like this, so I’d appreciate help on this one too. Thanks! Just outside of Walnut Springs, TX.
Laureen Dozier

Hi Laureen,
What a gorgeous photo. It is our favorite in a long time. It depicts a Snowy Tree Cricket, Oecanthus fultoni, singing away. This cricket is also known as a Thermometer Cricket as it is possible to tell the temperature according to the number of chirps.


  • Bugman

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