Probably NOT Female Southern House Spider

Subject: Fuzzy large black spider, New Mexico
Location: Rio rancho, NM
April 18, 2017 9:32 pm
I have several of these around my home and I just want to know what kind of spiders they are. I cannot find anything online and I refuse to spray. I just need to know if they are poisonous.
Signature: Rainah

Unknown Spider

Dear Rainah,
Your images were quite dark, but we used some post-production image adjustment to lighten them enough to support our suspicion that this Crevice Weavers Spider is most likely a female Southern House Spider,
Kulcania hibernalis, based on images posted to BugGuide.  This species exhibits extreme sexual dimorphism, meaning the two sexes look like different species.  According to BugGuide:  “Females are frequently mistaken for small tarantulas or trapdoor spiders. Males are often mistaken for recluse spiders (Loxosceles). This is a totally harmless species that builds “messy” webs emanating from crevices, often on the outside of homes.”  Though BugGuide data does not indicate any New Mexico sightings, they are found in nearby Texas and as far west as California, so a New Mexico sighting is quite probable.  This might also be the closely related Kukulcania arizonica, which is pictured on BugGuide and which is reported from New Mexico.  Of the entire genus, BugGuide states:  “These spiders create a tube-like retreat in cracks. This spider varies greatly in color from light brown to dark black. Females are generally grey to black while the males are tan.”  While we suspect a bite might occur through careless handling or accidental encounters, the House Spiders are not a threat to humans and they might help control other less desirable household intruders like cockroaches and scorpions.

Unknown Spider

Ed. Note:  April 26, 2017
A comment from Cesar Crash has caused us to back off what we thought was an identification.  We are now unsure of the family classification.  There is a resemblance to the Common House Spider from the UK, and a search of the genus
Tegenaria on BugGuide turned up some interesting information, especially regarding an unpictured species “T. chiricahuae – caves in southeastern Arizona and New Mexico (our only native Tegenaria).”  Needless to say, we are classifying this as a Spider at this time until we feel more confident regarding a family designation.

8 thoughts on “Probably NOT Female Southern House Spider”

      • It is hard to tell for sure the eyes arrangement, but it has two eyes high in the carapace. The cephalothorax is also larger than the abdomen. I’m not sure with Lycosidae, could be Ctenidae, but the few species in North America doesn’t seem to be that black.

  1. Hey Guys, I just found a spider that looks very close to the spider you are trying to identify. I sent in a photo. I live near Rio Rancho, New Mexico. I just sent in the photo, to be identified. I hope this photo, that I took, may help too. Please look for it. Thanks< Peggy Nichols

  2. I have these spider’s in my house in northwest Arkansas also. The big mama as I call her has a leg span of about 3 inches & her babies are about quarter size

  3. Has anyone positively identified this spider??
    I’m in Florida and we’ve seen one quote quite similar to this one in the house. Twice.
    Thanks for any insight!

  4. Also found one. Webbing a large mess. More like a funnel web or nest. Near Death Valley. In Beatty Nevada tool shed. Looks related. We also just brought some things from Arkansas, So a previous comment caught my attention.

  5. Hi, I found one that looks very much like this one. As soon as I got it outside, it hid along the bottom brick line and buried itself as quickly as it could in the brick crevice and the pea gravel. I have a lot of small jumping spiders and they are aggressive but this spider, although bigger than jumpers, it was much more interested in being left alone. I am in SC along the GA state border and it is August 2023.


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