Do Ants and Termites Live Together: Unraveling the Mystery

Ants and termites are two common household pests that often evoke a sense of dread among homeowners. Both can cause significant damage if left unchecked, and many people wonder if these insects can coexist or even live together.

While ants and termites have some similarities, they are fundamentally different insects belonging to separate orders. In fact, ants are often predators of termites. These differences help to explain why it’s unlikely to find them sharing a living space or coexisting in harmony.

Key differences between ants and termites include:

  • Antennae: Ants have elbowed, or bent, antennae, while termites possess straight antennae (source).
  • Wings: Ants have front wings longer than their hind wings, while termites have front and hind wings of similar size and shape (source).
  • Body Structure: Ants have a distinct, pinched waist, whereas termites have a straighter body without a noticeable waist (source).

Understanding these differences helps to identify and deal with infestations effectively. However, an important takeaway is that ants and termites are unlikely to be found living together due to their differing characteristics and the fact that ants are predators of termites.

Basic Differences Between Ants and Termites

Anatomy and Physical Appearance

Ants and termites, though similar in appearance, have distinct anatomical features. Key differences include:

Here is a comparison table to quickly summarize the differences:

Attribute Ants Termites
Antennae Elbowed Straight
Wings Front wings longer Equal length
Waist Pinched Wider
Color Black, brown, reddish Pale, white

Diet and Feeding Habits

Ants and termites also have different feeding habits:

  • Ants: They are omnivorous and feed on various items, such as seeds, nectar, fungi, and other insects.
  • Termites: They primarily feed on cellulose, found in wood and plant materials.

Nesting and Habitat Preferences

The nesting and habitat preferences of ants and termites differ significantly:

  • Ants: They create above-ground nests or under rocks, leaves, or soil.
    Some species form complex colonies, while others occupy pre-existing cavities or tunnels.
  • Termites: They form subterranean or drywood nests, often inside the wood materials they consume, or in soil.

Examples of nesting:

  • Ants: For example, carpenter ants build nests inside wood, while leaf-cutter ants create nests in the soil.
  • Termites: Subterranean termites build colonies underground, while drywood termites make nests within the wood they consume.

Social Structure and Behavior

Caste System and Roles in the Colony

Both ants and termites are social insects that live in colonies. Each colony has a caste system that divides the members into specialized roles:


  • Queens: responsible for reproduction and laying eggs
  • Workers: non-reproductive females that gather food, care for the young, and maintain the nest
  • Soldiers: defend the colony against predators


  • Queens: lay eggs and produce pheromones to regulate the colony
  • Kings: mate with the queen for reproduction
  • Workers: maintain the nest, care for young and help in foraging
  • Soldiers: protect the colony from invaders


Ants and termites use various methods to communicate:

  • Chemical signals: both rely on chemical pheromones to transmit messages to each other
  • Physical contact: ants and some termites also use tactile communication, like antennae touching
  • Vibrations: termites primarily depend on vibrations to convey messages within their colony

Reproduction and Lifespan

Reproductive behaviors differ between ants and termites. For example, ant mating behavior includes the nuptial flight, where winged males and females leave their colonies to mate and establish new colonies. Conversely, termite kings and queens mate within their nests, and winged termites, or alates, embark on a swarming flight to mate and establish new colonies.

Species Reproduction Lifespan
Ants Nuptial flights for mating Workers: 1-3 years; Queens: up to 30 years
Termites In-nest mating; alate swarming flights Workers: 2-3 years; Queens: up to 50 years

Ant and termite colonies exhibit fascinating social structures and behaviors. Despite their similarities, these insects have unique caste systems, methods of communication, and reproductive cycles.

Infestation and Damage

Signs of Infestation

Termites and carpenter ants can both cause significant damage to wood structures. To identify an infestation, look for distinctive signs:

  • Termites:

    • Mud tubes on walls or foundation
    • Discarded wings from swarming termites
    • Hollow sounding wood when tapped
  • Carpenter ants:

    • Seen foraging indoors for food debris
    • Small, round holes in wood
    • Piles of frass (sawdust-like material) near wood

Wood Damage and Structural Threats

Both insects can weaken and damage wood in different ways:

  • Termites consume wood *ncsu, causing foundational and structural damage
  • Carpenter ants excavate wood to create nests, but don’t actually eat it *umn

Termites are more likely to cause severe damage to a home’s foundation and structure, while carpenter ants can cause damage to wooden parts above the foundation, such as siding, doors, and window frames.

Associated Costs

Dealing with infestations from termites and carpenter ants can bring various expenses:

  • Pest control services: Professional exterminators will charge for their services, such as Orkin
  • Home repairs: Fixing damaged wood, drywall, and other materials can be costly
  • Landscaping: Addressing moisture issues and foundation cracks may require outside work
Pest control Potential consequences Required resources
Termites Foundation damage Exterminator
Carpenter ants Wood structure damage Exterminator

Both pests require prompt attention to avoid severe structural damage and costly repairs.

Prevention and Control

Strategies to Keep Them Out

  • Seal cracks and holes: Ants and termites can enter your home through tiny openings in the foundation and walls.
  • Clear away dead wood and debris: Remove any wood piles, tree stumps, or other wooden materials from the property.
  • Maintain landscaping: Keep bushes and trees trimmed so they don’t touch the house, as pests might use them to gain entry.
  • Reduce moisture: Address any moisture issues in your home, as damp environments attract termites and ants.

Pest Control Options


You can use insecticides such as hydramethylnon to address ant and termite infestations. Some substances specifically target termites, like lufenuron (an insect growth regulator) and noviflumuron, which disrupt termite growth and activity.

Non-Chemical Options

  • Bait stations: These devices can be placed around your home’s perimeter to attract ants or termites and poison them.
  • Biological controls: Introducing natural predators, such as nematodes, can help control termite populations.
  • Barrier treatments: Applying a physical barrier, like a sand or metal barrier, between the soil and your home’s foundation can help keep termites out.
Pest Control Option Pros Cons
Insecticides Effective at eliminating pests Potential environmental impact
Bait Stations Low environmental impact Can take time to work
Biological Controls Natural method May not eliminate entire colony
Barrier Treatments Long-lasting prevention Can be expensive to install

Environmental Considerations

When using chemicals for pest control, it is essential to consider their environmental impact. The EPA recommends following these guidelines:

  • Always follow the label directions on the pesticide.
  • Store chemicals safely and correctly dispose of leftover pesticides and containers.

Reader Emails

Over the years, our website, has received hundreds of letters and some interesting images asking us about these insects. Scroll down to have a look at some of them.

Letter 1 – Termites swarm in San Francisco


Subject: Found about 50 of these flying around my apt is SF
Location: San Francisco, CA
October 26, 2012 9:32 pm
Dear bugman, I arrived home tonight to the flutter of a thousand wings (well, actually more like 200 wings). After turning on the lights, these guys went crazy. I live in a ground floor in-law apartment in a residential neighborhood of San Francisco. Possibly related is that we had rain a couple days ago, and there are several access points to the crawlspace of the house in my apt. Any ideas? Any remedies for minimizing future outbreaks? Thanks for taking a look!
Signature: Flustered

Termite Alate

Dear Flustered,
You have Termites.  The reproductive kings and queens, known as Alates, swarm on a nuptial flight, often after a rain.  We would suggest professional assistance.


  • Bugman

    Bugman aka Daniel Marlos has been identifying bugs since 1999. is his passion project and it has helped millions of readers identify the bug that has been bugging them for over two decades. You can reach out to him through our Contact Page.

  • Piyushi Dhir

    Piyushi is a nature lover, blogger and traveler at heart. She lives in beautiful Canada with her family. Piyushi is an animal lover and loves to write about all creatures.

2 thoughts on “Do Ants and Termites Live Together: Unraveling the Mystery”

  1. I live near partial wooded area, and I witnessed thousands of (flying insects), I think flying termites, flying up from the ground in a frenzy yesterday. Within 30 minutes most of them were on deck, sidewalks dead. My deck is composite, and I have siding on home (new home, 7 years old). Do you think I need an exterminator? I didn’t see any inside home.

    • There are only a few species of Termites that will cause damage in the home. You should probably have an inspection if you are concerned.


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